A passenger railcar was modeled using quasi-linear, frequency domain computer simulation models to compute lateral and vertical rms wheelset forces and relative displacements over a range of speeds, in response to power spectra representations of track geometry deviations in surface, alinement, and crosslevel. A simplified wheel-climb criterion (Lateral to Vertical Force Ratio, L/V) was used to estimate the margin of safety for wheel-climb and to impose limits on combined track geometry deviations which result in development of lateral and vertical forces which would cause a commonly used threshold value to be exceeded on a statistical basis. “Constant performance” contours of speed versus combined track geometry deviations are developed for selected L/V threshold values and exceedance probabilities.

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