Sensors are crucial to modern mechanical systems. The location of these sensors can often make them vulnerable to outside interferences and failures, and the use of sensors over a lifetime can cause degradation and lead to failure. If a system has access to redundant sensor output, it can be trained to autonomously recognize errors in faulty sensors and learn to correct them. In this work, we develop a novel data-driven approach to detect sensor failures and predict the corrected sensor data using machine learning methods in an offline/online paradigm. Autocorrelation is shown to provide a global feature of failure data capable of accurately classifying the state of a sensor to determine if a failure is occurring. Feature selection of the redundant sensor data in combination with k-nearest neighbors regression is used to predict the corrected sensor data rapidly, while the system is operational. We demonstrate our methodology on flight data from a four-engine commercial jet that contains failures in the pitot static system resulting in inaccurate airspeed measurements.
A Machine Learning Approach to Aircraft Sensor Error Detection and Correction
Manuscript received November 14, 2018; final manuscript received April 17, 2019; published online June 6, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Ying Liu.
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Swischuk, R., and Allaire, D. (June 6, 2019). "A Machine Learning Approach to Aircraft Sensor Error Detection and Correction." ASME. J. Comput. Inf. Sci. Eng. December 2019; 19(4): 041009. doi: https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4043567
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