Cosmetic mask is a popular skincare product widely accepted by the youth and female. Most cosmetic masks in the current market offer very few sizes to choose from, thus producing misfit masks with reduced wearing comfort and skincare functionality. This paper describes how to realize customized design of cosmetic masks using three-dimensional (3D) parametric face models derived from a large amount of scanned facial data. The parametric models approximate individual faces using a nonlinear regression model controlled by a set of facial parameters easy to be measured. They serve as effective reference geometry to conduct 3D mask design. A prototyping mask design system implementing the parametric modeling method demonstrates the customized design process. The system allows the user to construct the mask shape directly on 3D meshes of a face model by specifying inner and outer boundary curves. An automatic flattening function unfolds the trimmed meshes into a two-dimensional (2D) pattern with a reduced shape distortion. This research enhances the practical value of large-scale anthropometric data by realizing human centric design customization using cosmetic facial mask as an example.

References

References
1.
Smith
,
S.
,
Smith
,
G.
,
Jiao
,
J.
, and
Chu
,
C. H.
, 2013, “
Mass Customization in the Product Life Cycle
,”
J. Intell. Manuf.
,
24
(
5
), pp.
877
885
.
2.
Lo
,
C. H.
,
Chu
,
C. H.
, and
Huang
,
S. H.
, 2015, “
Evaluating the Effect of Interactions Between Appearance-Related Product Designs and Facial Characteristics on Social Affectivity
,”
Int. J. Ind. Ergon.
,
45
, pp.
35
47
.
3.
Wang
,
I. J.
, and
Chu
,
C. H.
,
2017
, “3D Parametric Human Face Modeling for Mass Customized Design of Cosmetic Masks,” ASME Paper No.
DETC2017-68119
.
4.
Sanders
,
M.
, and
McCormick
,
E.
,
1993
,
Human Factor in Engineering and Design, Seventh Edition
,
McGraw-Hill
,
New York
.
5.
Nayak
,
R.
, and
Padhye
,
R.
,
2016
, “
The Use of Laser in Garment Manufacturing: An Overview
,”
Fashion Text.
,
5
(
1
), pp.
1
16
.
6.
Loker
,
S.
,
Ashdown
,
S.
, and
Schoenfelder
,
K.
,
2005
, “
Size-Specific Analysis of Body Scan Data to Improve Apparel Fit
,”
J. Text. Apparel Technol. Manage.
,
4
(
3
), pp.
1
15
.
7.
Liu
,
B. S.
,
2008
, “
Incorporating Anthropometry Into Design of Ear-Related Products
,”
Appl. Ergon.
,
39
(
1
), pp.
115
121
.
8.
Istook
,
C. L.
, and
Hwang
,
S. J.
,
2001
, “
3D Body Scanning Systems With Application to the Apparel Industry
,”
J. Fashion Mark. Manage.
,
5
(
2
), pp.
120
132
.
9.
Bibb
,
R.
,
Eggbeer
,
D.
, and
Williams
,
R.
,
2006
, “
Rapid Manufacture of Removable Partial Denture Frameworks
,”
Rapid Prototyping J.
,
12
(
2
), pp.
95
99
.
10.
Tognola
,
G.
,
Parazzini
,
M.
,
Svelto
,
C.
,
Galli
,
M.
,
Ravazzani
,
P.
, and
Grandori
,
F.
,
2004
, “
Design of Hearing Aid Shells by Three Dimensional Laser Scanning and Mesh Reconstruction
,”
J. Biomed. Opt.
,
9
(
4
), pp.
835
843
.
11.
Lacko
,
D.
,
Huysmans
,
T.
,
Vleugels
,
J.
,
De Bruyne
,
G.
,
Van Hulle
,
M. M.
,
Sijbers
,
J.
, and
Verwulgen
,
S.
,
2017
, “
Product Sizing With 3D Anthropometry and K-Medoids Clustering
,”
Comput.-Aided Des.
,
91
, pp.
60
74
.
12.
Luximon
,
Y.
,
Ball
,
R.
, and
Justice
,
L.
,
2012
, “
The 3D Chinese Head and Face Modeling
,”
Comput.-Aided Des.
,
44
(1), pp.
40
47
.
13.
Shah
,
P. B.
, and
Luximon
,
Y.
,
2017
, “
Review on 3D Scanners for Head and Face Modeling
,”
International Conference on Digital Human Modeling and Applications in Health, Safety, Ergonomics and Risk Management
, Vancouver, BC, Canada, July 9–14, pp.
47
56
.
14.
Ellena
,
T.
,
Skals
,
S.
,
Subic
,
A.
,
Mustafa
,
H.
, and
Pang
,
T. Y.
,
2017
, “
3D Digital Headform Models of Australian Cyclists
,”
Appl. Ergon.
,
59
(Pt. A), pp.
11
18
.
15.
Huang
,
S. H.
,
Yang
,
C. K.
,
Tseng
,
C. Y.
, and
Chu
,
C. H.
,
2015
, “
Design Customization of Respiratory Mask Based on 3D Face Anthropometric Data
,”
Int. J. Precis. Eng. Manuf.
,
16
(
3
), pp.
487
494
.
16.
Tseng
,
C. Y.
,
Wang
,
I. J.
, and
Chu
,
C. H.
,
2014
, “Parametric Modeling of 3D Human Faces Using Anthropometric Data,” IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management (IEEM), Bandar Sunway, Malaysia, Dec. 9–12, pp.
491
495
.
17.
Chu
,
C. H.
,
Wang
,
I. J.
,
Wang
,
J. B.
, and
Luh
,
Y. P.
,
2017
, “
3D Parametric Human Face Modeling for Personalized Product Design: Eyeglasses Frame Design Case
,”
Adv. Eng. Inf.
,
32
, pp.
202
223
.
18.
Zhao
,
W.
,
Gao
,
S.
, and
Lin
,
H.
, 2007, “
A Robust Hole-Filling Algorithm for Triangular Mesh
,”
Visual Comput.
,
23
(
12
), pp.
987
997
.
19.
Turk
,
G.
, and
Levoy
,
M.
,
1994
, “
Zippered Polygon Meshes From Range Images
,”
21st ACM Annual Conference on Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques
, Orlando, FL, July 24–29, pp.
311
318
.https://graphics.stanford.edu/papers/zipper/zipper.pdf
20.
Attene
,
M.
, and
Falcidieno
,
B.
,
2006
, “
ReMESH: An Interactive Environment to Edit and Repair Triangle Meshes
,”
IEEE International Conference on Shape Modeling and Applications
(
SMI'06
), Matsushima, Japan, June 14–16, pp.
41
41
.
21.
Floater
,
M. S.
,
2003
, “
Mean Value Coordinates
,”
Comput. Aided Geom. Des.
,
20
(
1
), pp.
19
27
.
22.
Wang
,
C. C.
,
Zhang
,
Y.
, and
Sheung
,
H.
,
2010
, “
From Designing Products to Fabricating Them From Planar Materials
,”
IEEE Comput. Graph. Appl.
,
30
(
6
), pp.
74
85
.
23.
Schröder
,
P.
,
Zorin
,
D.
,
DeRose
,
T.
,
Forsey
,
D. R.
,
Kobbelt
,
L.
,
Lounsbery
,
M.
, and
Peters
,
J.
,
2000
, “
Subdivision for Modeling and Animation
,”
SIGGRAPH 2000 Course Notes
.
24.
Chew
,
L. P.
,
1989
, “
Constrained Delaunay Triangulations
,”
Algorithmica
,
4
(
1–4
), pp.
97
108
.
25.
Wang
,
C. C.
,
2008
, “
WireWarping: A Fast Surface Flattening Approach With Length-Preserved Feature Curves
,”
Comput.-Aided Des.
,
40
(
3
), pp.
381
395
.
26.
Kwok
,
T. H.
,
Zhang
,
Y.
, and
Wang
,
C. C.
,
2012
, “
Efficient Optimization of Common Base Domains for Cross Parameterization
,”
IEEE Trans. Visualization Comput. Graph.
,
18
(
10
), pp.
1678
1692
.
27.
Besl
,
P. J.
, and
McKay
,
N. D.
,
1992
, “
Method for Registration of 3-D Shapes
,”
Sensor Fusion IV: Control Paradigms and Data Structures, Boston, MA, Nov. 12–15
, pp.
586
607
.
You do not currently have access to this content.