For vision-based measurement, there are few research or professional tools for local contour positional errors of flexible automotive rubber strips. To support the automatic measurement of contour positional errors, a novel local contour registration and measurement method based on shape descriptors is proposed. In this method, a shape descriptor is proposed to find correspondence between a reference local contour and a desired local contour. First, a shape descriptor that includes the shape representation and restrictions of the local contour is extracted from the reference contour. Second, several tolerable shape descriptors for a desired actual local contour are constructed by adding some loosening factors to the ideal descriptor, and an angular similarity-based searching strategy is used to find the best actual local contour. Finally, from the matched local point sets, a quantitative calculation step provides the desired deviation values. This method is implemented in a sealing strip cross section measurement system, and numerous cross-sectional profiles are tested. The experimental results verify the stability and effectiveness of the proposed method. Important progress toward the automatic measurement of flexible products is demonstrated.

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