The 3D mass evacuation simulation of an airplane accident is experimentally verified. Evacuee motion has been experimentally investigated by building a test field that emulates the interior of an actual regional airliner with a capacity of approximately 100 passengers. The experiment results indicate that the evacuation time tends to be affected by the number of passengers and the evacuee guidance at the emergency exit. The results also indicate that any evacuation delay in exiting by individual passengers only slightly affects the total evacuation time because of evacuee congestion in the aisles. Moreover, the importance of evacuation guidance notification was investigated based on the evacuation-order variance. Finally, the experimental results were compared to the corresponding simulation results. Simulations using appropriate evacuee walking speeds can provide valid evacuation times, which are the most important factor in designing evacuation drills. Consequently, these results should be applied to existing 3D simulations using precise kinematic digital human (KDH) models for more accurate mass evacuation/rescue simulations.

References

References
1.
Kiyono
,
J.
,
Miura
,
F.
, and
Takimoto
,
K.
,
1996
, “
Applying DEM to Simulation of Evacuation in Emergency
,”
J. Struct. Mech. Earthquake Eng.
,
537
(
1–35
), pp.
233
244
.
2.
Mazda
,
T.
,
Ohno
,
M.
, and
Arioka
,
J.
,
1999
, “
A Study on Simulation of Evacuation at Underground Shopping Street Using Cellular Automat
,”
J. Inst. Soc. Saf. Sci.
,
2
, pp.
95
100
.
3.
Morishita
,
S.
, and
Nakatsuka
,
N.
,
2003
, “
Simulation of Emergency Evacuation by Cellular Automata
,”
52nd NCTAM Papers
,
National Congress of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics
,
Tokyo
, Jan. 28–30, pp.
2
9
.
4.
Fujioka
,
M.
,
Ishibashi
,
K.
,
Kaji
,
H.
, and
Tsukagoshi
,
I.
,
2002
, “
Assessment for Estimated Evacuee Behavior Using Multi-Agent Based Simulation Model
,”
J. Inst. Soc. Saf. Sci.
,
4
, pp.
57
63
.
5.
Miura
,
R.
,
Kaneko
,
Y.
, and
Abe
,
Y.
,
2007
, “
Event Simulation of Stairs Walk in Evacuation
,”
IEEE Japan Conference
, p.
318
.
6.
Hasihimoto
,
K.
,
Inoue
,
S.
,
Omachi
,
T.
, and
Urii
,
J.
,
2006
, “
Behavioral Characteristics of Group Evacuation Learned From Evacuation Drill and Its Simulation
,”
JAEE 12th Symposium
, pp.
1390
1393
.
7.
Urii
,
J.
, and
Kakizaki
,
T.
,
2010
, “
A 3-Dimensional Accurate Simulation Method for Mass Evacuation Using Precise Human Joint Model. (Application to a Mass Evacuation Drill by High-School Students)
,”
Jpn. Soc. Mech. Eng.
,
76
(
769
), pp.
2176
2185
.
8.
Kakizaki
,
T.
,
Urii
,
J.
, and
Endo
,
T.
,
2012
, “
A Three-Dimensional Evacuation Simulation Using Digital Human Models With Precise Kinematic Joints
,”
ASME J. Comput. Inf. Sci. Eng.
,
12
(
3
), pp.
93
102
.10.1115/1.4006737
9.
Kakizaki
,
T.
,
Urii
,
J.
, and
Endo
,
T.
,
2013
, “
Post-Tsunami Evacuation Simulation Using 3D Kinematic Digital Human Models and Experimental Verification
,”
ASME 2013 Design Engineering Technical Conference and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
,
Portland
,
OR
, Aug. 4–7, pp.
1
10
.
10.
Endo
,
M.
,
Urii
,
J.
, and
Kakizaki
,
T.
,
2012
, “
3-D Mass Evacuation Simulation Using Kinematic Digital Human Models and Its Application to Aircraft Accident
,”
2012 National Evacuation Conference
,
New Orleans, LA
, Feb. 7–9, pp.
1
2
.
11.
Galea
,
E. R.
,
Blake
,
S. J.
, and
Lawrence
,
P. J.
,
2002
, “
The AirEXODUS Evacuation Model and Its Application to Air-Craft Safety
,”
FAA/JAA Conference
,
Atlantic City
,
NJ
, Oct. 22–25, FAA CD, DOT/FAA/AR-02/48, pp.
9
18
.
12.
Galea
,
E. R.
,
Wang
,
Z.
,
Togher
,
M.
,
Jia
,
F.
, and
Lawrence
,
P.
,
2007
, “
Predicting the Likely Impact of Aircraft Post-Crash Fire on Aircraft Evacuation Using Fire and Evacuation Simulation
,”
International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference
, pp.
1
16
.
13.
Kotaite
,
A.
,
2004
,
Annex to the Convention on International Civil Aviation
,
4th ed.
, Vol.
1
,
International Standards and Recommended Practices
, Aerodrome Design and Operations, International Civil Aviation Organization.
14.
Goto
,
N.
,
Kusaki
,
Y.
,
Endo
,
S.
,
Toyooka
,
N.
,
Shuto
,
Y.
, and
Matsuo
,
A.
,
2009
, “
Aircraft Accident Investigation Report China Airlines (Taiwan) Boeing 737-800
,” 2010 Annual Report of Japan Transport Safety Board, pp.
8
26
.
You do not currently have access to this content.