Modularization of parts—a fairly recent trend in product development—allows part definitions to be kept in a machine-readable form, making it possible to define a part based on its input interfaces, output interfaces, behaviors, and geometric information. The machine-readable representation of parts enables manufacturing companies to more efficiently identify parts suppliers in global and virtual environments. Such representation also helps automate modular product design during detailed parametric design phases. Our research showed that modular product design can be formulated as an artificial intelligence (AI) Planning problem, and we propose a cyberinfrastructure-based framework to support automation. We demonstrate the proposed framework's implication on global manufacturing using part specification information for personal computers as an example.

References

References
1.
Eppinger
,
S. D.
, and
Chitkara
,
A. R.
,
2006
, “
The New Practice of Global Product Development
,”
MIT Sloan Manage. Rev.
,
47
(
4
), pp.
22
30
.
2.
Hoffman
,
B. G.
,
2006
,
Ford Retools Auto Design
,
The Detroit News
,
Dearborn, MI
.
3.
Kotha
,
S.
,
Olesen
,
D. G.
,
Nolan
,
R.
, and
Condit
,
P. M.
,
2005
,
Boeing 787: Dreamliner
,
Harvard Business School Case Study
.
4.
Eckert
,
C.
,
Clarkson
,
P. J.
, and
Zanker
,
W.
,
2004
, “
Change and Customisation in Complex Engineering Domains
,”
Res. Eng. Des.
,
15
, pp.
1
21
.10.1007/s00163-003-0031-7
5.
Atkins
,
D. E.
,
Droegemeier
,
K. K.
,
Feldman
,
S. I.
,
Garcia-Molina
,
H.
,
Klein
,
M. L.
,
Messerschmitt
,
D. G.
,
Messina
,
P.
,
Ostriker
,
J. P.
, and
Wright
,
M. H.
,
2003
, “
Revolutionizing Science and Engineering Through Cyberinfrastructure
,”
National Science Foundation
,
Arlington, VA
.
6.
Erl
,
T.
,
2004
,
Service-Oriented Architecture: A Field Guide to Integrating XML and Web Services
,
Upper Saddle River, NJ
,
Prentice Hall
.
7.
Bachlechner
,
D.
,
Siorpaes
,
K.
,
Fensel
,
D.
, and
Toma
,
I.
,
2006
, “
Web Service Discovery - A Reality Check
,” from http://www.deri.ie/fileadmin/documents/DERI-TR-2006-01-17.pdf
8.
W3C
, “
Extensible Markup Language (XML)
,” Retrieved August 13, 2009, from http://www.w3.org/XML/
9.
Szykman
,
S.
,
2002
, “
Architecture and Implementation of a Design Repository System
,”
ASME Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
, Montreal, Canada.
10.
Szykman
,
S.
,
Racz
,
J.
, and
Sriram
,
R.
,
1999
, “
The Representation of Function in Computer-Based Design
,”
ASME Design Engineering Technical Conferences - Design Theory & Methodology Conference
, Las Vegas, NV.
11.
Szykman
,
S.
,
Senfaute
,
J.
, and
Sriram
,
R.
,
1999
, “
The Use of XML for Describing Functions and Taxonomies in Computer-Based Design
,”
ASME Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
, Las Vegas, NV.
12.
Szykman
,
S.
, and
Sriram
,
R.
,
2006
, “
Design and Implementation of the Web-enabled NIST Design Repository
,”
ACM Trans. Inter. Tech.
,
6
(
1
), pp.
85
116
.10.1145/1125274.1125278
13.
Devanathan
,
S.
, and
Ramani
,
K.
,
2007
, “
Combining Constraint Satisfaction and Non-Linear Optimization to Enable Configuration Driven Design
,”
International Conference on Engineering Design
, Paris, France.
14.
Bohm
,
M. R.
,
Stone
,
R. B.
,
Simpson
,
T. W.
, and
Streva
,
E. D.
,
2008
, “
Introduction of a Data Schema to Support a Design Repository
,”
Comput.-Aided Des.
,
40
(
7
), pp.
801
811
.10.1016/j.cad.2007.09.003
15.
Bohm
,
M. R.
, and
Stone
,
R. B.
,
2004
, “
Product Design Support: Exploring a Design Repository System
,”
ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition
,
Anaheim
,
CA
.
16.
Bohm
,
M. R.
,
Stone
,
R. B.
, and
Szykman
,
S.
,
2005
, “
Enhancing Virtual Product Representations for Advanced Design Repository Systems
,”
J. Comput. Inf. Sci. Eng.
,
5
(
4
), pp.
360
372
.10.1115/1.1884618
17.
Bryant
,
C. R.
,
McAdams
,
D. A.
,
Stone
,
R. B.
,
Kurtoglu
,
T.
, and
Campbell
,
M. I.
,
2005
, “
A Computational Technique for Concept Generation
,”
ASME Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
, Long Beach, CA.
18.
Cao
,
D.
,
Ramani
,
K.
,
Fu
,
M. W.
, and
Zhang
,
R.
,
2010
, “
A Port-Based Agent Approach to Guiding Concept Generation for Customizing Modular Varieties
,”
ASME 2010 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
19.
Breedveld
,
P. C.
,
2004
, “
Port-Based Modeling of Mechatronic Systems
,”
Math. Comput. Simul.
,
66
, pp.
99
127
.10.1016/j.matcom.2003.11.002
20.
Campbell
,
M. I.
,
Cagan
,
J.
, and
Kotovsky
,
K.
,
2003
, “
The A-Design Approach to Managing Automated Design Synthesis
,”
Res. Eng. Des.
,
14
(
1
), pp.
12
24
.
21.
Bryant
,
C. R.
,
McAdams
,
D. A.
,
Stone
,
R. B.
,
Kurtoglu
,
T.
and
Campbell
,
M. I.
,
2006
, “
A Validation Study of an Automated Concept Generator Design Tool
,”
ASME Design Engineering Technical Conferences
, Philadelphia, PA.
22.
Campbell
,
M. I.
,
Cagan
,
J.
, and
Kotovsky
,
K.
,
2000
, “
Agent-Based Synthesis of Electromechanical Design Configurations
,”
ASME J. Mech. Des.
,
122
, pp.
61
69
.10.1115/1.533546
23.
Campbell
,
M. I.
,
Cagan
,
J.
, and
Kotovsky
,
K.
,
2003
, “
The A-Design Approach to Managing Automated Design Synthesis
,”
Res. Eng. Des.
,
14
, pp.
12
24
.
24.
Mittal
,
S.
,
Dym
,
C.
, and
Morjara
,
M.
,
1986
, “
PRIDE: An Expert System for the Design of Paper Handling Systems
,”
Computer
,
19
(
7
), pp.
102
114
.10.1109/MC.1986.1663284
25.
Navinchandra
,
D.
,
Sycara
,
K. P.
, and
Narasimhan
,
S.
,
1991
, “
A Transformational Approach to Case-Based Synthesis
,”
Artif. Intell. Eng. Des. Anal. Manuf.
,
5
, pp.
31
45
.10.1017/S0890060400002523
26.
Titus
,
N.
, and
Ramani
,
K.
,
2005
, “
Design Space Exploration Using Constraint Satisfaction
,”
International Joint Conferences on Artificial Intelligence
, Edinburgh, Scotland.
27.
Blake
,
M. B.
,
Cheung
,
W.
, and
Wombacher
,
A.
,
2007
, “
Web Services Discovery and Composition Systems
,”
Int. J. Web Serv. Res.
,
4
(
1
), pp.
3
8
.
28.
Oh
,
S.-C.
,
Lee
,
D.
, and
Kumara
,
S.
,
2008
, “
Effective Web Service Composition in Diverse and Large-Scale Service Networks
,”
IEEE Trans. Serv. Comput.
,
1
(
1
), pp.
15
32
.10.1109/TSC.2008.1
29.
Yoo
,
J.
,
Kumara
,
S.
,
Lee
,
D.
, and
Oh
,
S.-C.
,
2008
, “
A Web Service Composition Framework Based on Integer Programming With Non-Functional Objectives and Constraints
,”
IEEE International Conference on E-Commerce Technology and on Enterprise Computing
, E-Commerce, and E-Services, Washington, DC.
30.
Van den Briel
,
M.
, and
Kambhampati
,
S.
,
2005
, “
Optiplan: Unifying IP-based and Graph-based Planning
,”
J. Artif. Intell. Res.
,
24
, pp.
919
931
.
31.
Hirtz
,
J.
,
Stone
,
R. B.
,
McAdams
,
D.
,
Szykman
,
S.
, and
Wood
,
K.
,
2002
, “
A Functional Basis for Engineering Design: Reconciling and Evolving Previous Efforts
,”
Res. Eng. Des.
,
13
(
2
), pp.
65
82
.
32.
Yoo
,
J.
,
Oh
,
S.-C.
, and
Kumara
,
S.
,
2008
, “
Application of Semantic Web Technology to Scheduling Interoperability
,”
Industrial Engineering Research Conference
, Vancouver, Canada.
33.
W3C
, “
XML Schema
,” Retrieved August 13,
2009
, from http://www.w3.org/XML/Schema
34.
Nilsson
,
N. J.
,
1998
,
Artificial Intelligence: A New Synthesis
,
Kaufmann Publishers
,
San Francisco, Morgan, CA
.
You do not currently have access to this content.