In this study, we attempted to develop a method that applies the notion and technology of natural language processing for operating a function dividing process in conceptual design. We formulated a function dividing process from a linguistic viewpoint and constructed linguistic hierarchal structures in this process. This method is significant in identifying hierarchal relationships between the upper- and lower-level functions from the viewpoint of linguistic hierarchal relations. An experiment was carried out to confirm whether the proposed methods were feasible and whether the extracted relations were meaningful for supporting the function dividing process.

1.
Pahl
,
G.
, and
Beitz
,
W.
, 1996,
Engineering Design—Systematic Approach
,
2nd ed.
,
Springer-Verlag
,
Berlin
.
2.
Umeda
,
Y.
,
Ishii
,
M.
,
Yoshioka
,
M.
,
Shimomura
,
Y.
, and
Tomiyama
,
T.
, 1996, “
Supporting Conceptual Design Based on the Function-Behavior-State Modeler
,”
Artif. Intell. Eng. Des. Anal. Manuf.
0890-0604,
10
, pp.
275
288
.
3.
Kitamura
,
Y.
, and
Mizoguchi
,
R.
, 2003, “
Ontology-Based Description of Functional Design Knowledge and Its Use in a Functional Way Server
,”
Expert Syst. Appl.
,
24
, pp.
153
166
.
4.
Miles
,
L. D.
, 1992,
Techniques of Value Analysis and Engineering
,
2nd ed.
,
McGraw-Hill
,
New York
.
5.
Gero
,
J. S.
, 1990, “
Design Prototypes: A Knowledge Representation Schema for Design
,”
AI Mag.
0738-4602,
11
(
4
), pp.
26
36
.
6.
Sasajima
,
M.
,
Kitamura
,
Y.
,
Ikeda
,
M.
, and
Mizoguchi
,
R.
, 1995, “
FBRL: A Function and Behavior Representation Language
,”
Proceedings of the 14th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence
, Montreal, Canada, pp.
1830
1836
.
7.
Miura
,
S.
,
Minami
,
K.
,
Tsumaya
,
A.
, and
Taura
,
T.
, 2008, “
Study for Function Reasoning Based on Language Function Representation Framework—Function/Behavior Expression and Rules Between Function/Behavior Expressions
,”
Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Machine Automation
, Awaji, Japan, pp.
235
239
.
8.
Stone
,
R. B.
, and
Wood
,
K. L.
, 2000, “
Development of a Functional Basis for Design
,”
ASME J. Mech. Des.
0161-8458,
122
, pp.
359
370
.
9.
Hirtz
,
J.
,
Stone
,
R. B.
,
McAdams
,
D.
,
Szykman
,
S.
, and
Wood
,
K. L.
, 2002, “
A Functional Basis for Engineering Design: Reconciling and Evolving Previous Effort
,”
Journal of Research in Engineering
,
13
(
2
), pp.
66
82
.
10.
McAdams
,
D.
, and
Wood
,
K.
, 2000, “
Quantitative Measures for Design by Analogy
,” ASME Paper No. DETC00/DTM-14562.
11.
McAdams
,
D. A.
, and
Wood
,
K. L.
, 2002, “
A Quantitative Similarity Metric for Design-by-Analogy
,”
ASME J. Mech. Des.
0161-8458,
124
, pp.
173
182
.
12.
Gero
,
J. S.
, and
Maher
,
M. L.
, 1991, “
Mutation and Analogy to Support Creativity in Computer-Aided Design
,”
Proceedings Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures ’91
, Zurich, Switzerland, pp.
241
249
.
13.
Goel
,
A. K.
, 1997, “
Design, Analogy, and Creativity
,”
IEEE Expert
0885-9000,
12
(
3
), pp.
62
70
.
14.
Issa
,
G.
,
Shen
,
S.
, and
Chew
,
M. S.
, 1994, “
Using Analogical Reasoning for Mechanism Design
,”
IEEE Expert
0885-9000,
9
(
3
), pp.
60
69
.
15.
Chakrabarti
,
A.
,
Sarkar
,
P.
,
Leelavathamma
,
B.
, and
Nataraju
,
B. S.
, 2005, “
A Functional Representation for Aiding Artificial Inspiration of New Ideas
,”
Artif. Intell. Eng. Des. Anal. Manuf.
0890-0604,
19
(
2
), pp.
113
132
.
17.
Association for Computational Linguistics
.
18.
Miller
,
A.
,
Beckwith
,
R.
,
Fellbaum
,
C.
,
Gros
,
D.
,
Millier
,
K.
, and
Tengi
,
R.
, 1990, “
Five Papers on WordNet
,” Technical Report, CSL Report No. 43, Cognitive Science Laboratory, Princeton University.
19.
Fellbaum
,
C.
, 1998,
WordNet: An Electronic Lexical Database
,
MIT
,
Cambridge, MA
.
20.
Chiu
,
I.
, and
Shu
,
L. H.
, 2007, “
Using Language as Related Stimuli for Concept Generation
,”
Artif. Intell. Eng. Des. Anal. Manuf.
0890-0604,
21
(
2
), pp.
103
121
.
21.
Kitamura
,
Y.
, and
Mizoguchi
,
R.
, 2008, “
An Ontological Consideration on Function Based on Role Concept
,”
Proceedings of the 2008 Design Symposium
, Yokohama, pp.
455
462
.
22.
Winston
,
M. E.
,
Chaffin
,
R.
, and
Herrmann
,
D.
, 1987, “
A Taxonomy of Part-Whole Relations
,”
Cogn. Sci.
0364-0213,
11
, pp.
417
444
.
24.
Hearst
,
M. A.
, 1992, “
Automatic Acquisition of Hyponyms From Large Text Corpora
,”
Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computational Linguistics
, Vol.
92
, Newark, NJ, pp.
539
545
.
25.
Berland
,
M.
, and
Charniak
,
E.
, 1999, “
Finding Parts in Very Large Corpora
,”
Proceedings of the 37th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics
, Maryland, pp.
57
64
.
26.
Caraballo
,
S. A.
, 1999, “
Automatic Construction of a Hypernym-Labeled Noun Hierarchy From Text
,”
Proceedings of the 37th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics
, Maryland, pp.
120
126
.
27.
Szpektor
,
I.
,
Tanev
,
H.
,
Dagan
,
I.
, and
Coppola
,
B.
, 2004, “
Scaling Web-Based Acquisition of Entailment Relations
,”
Proceeding of the 2004 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing
, Barcelona, Spain, pp.
41
48
.
28.
Geffet
,
M.
, and
Dagan
,
I.
, 2005, “
The Distribution Inclusion Hypotheses and Lexical Entailment
,”
Proceedings of the 43rd Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics
, Ann Arbor, MI, pp.
107
114
.
29.
Girju
,
R.
,
Badulescu
,
A.
, and
Moldovan
,
D.
, 2006, “
Automatic Discovery of Part-Whole Relations
,”
Comput. Linguist.
0891-2017,
32
(
1
), pp.
83
135
.
30.
Pennacchiotti
,
M.
, and
Pantel
,
P.
, 2006, “
Ontologizing Semantic Relation
,”
Proceedings of the 44th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics
, Sydney, Australia, pp.
793
800
.
31.
Yamamoto
,
E.
, and
Umemura
,
K.
, 2002, “
A Similarity Measure for Estimation of One-to-Many Relationship in Corpus
,”
Journal of Natural Language Processing
1340-7619,
9
(
2
), pp.
45
75
.
32.
Yamamoto
,
E.
,
Kanzaki
,
K.
, and
Isahara
,
H.
, 2005, “
Extraction of Hierarchies Based on Inclusion of Co-Occurring Words With Frequency Information
,”
Proceedings of the 19th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence
, Edinburgh, UK, pp.
1166
1172
.
33.
Ravichandran
,
D.
, and
Hovy
,
E.
, 2002, “
Learning Surface Text Patterns for a Question Answering System
,”
Proceedings of the 40th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics
, Philadelphia, PA, pp.
41
47
.
34.
Pantel
,
P.
, and
Pennacchiotti
,
M.
, 2006, “
Espresso: Leveraging Generic Patterns for Automatically Harvesting Semantic Relations
,”
Proceedings of the 44th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics
, Sydney, Australia, pp.
113
120
.
36.
Sekine
,
S.
, and
Grishman
,
R.
, 1995, “
A Corpus-Based Probabilistic Grammar With Only Two Non-Terminals
,”
Fourth International Workshop on Parsing Technology
, Apple Pie Parser.
You do not currently have access to this content.