Conbributed by the Engineering Informatics (EIX) Committee for publication in the JOURNAL OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SCIENCE IN ENGINEERING. Manuscript received Jan. 2001; revised manuscript received Aug. 2001. Associate Editor: S. Urban.

Collaboration between multiple organizations and companies is becoming commonplace for the design and manufacture of large, complex, mechanical systems. These systems include such things as airframes, automobiles and ships. Virtual enterprise is a term often used to describe such collaborations when the participating organizations are distributed over large geographic areas and come from multiple independent companies. A VE allows its member organizations to respond collectively to favorable market conditions for new product development in situations where the members individually would be unable to respond effectively.

As part of the collaboration, the members of a VE share their expertise, software tools, and product data. This sharing of resources provides a competitive advantage for...

ISO 10303-1, Industrial Automation Systems—Product Data Representation and Exchange—Part 1, Overview and Fundamental Principles, 1994, International Standards Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.
Hardwick, M., and Spooner, D., 1998, “Step Services for Sharing Product Models in a Virtual Enterprise,” Proceedings of the 1998 ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference, Paper C1E-5518, September 13–16, 1998, Atlanta, GA., pp. 1–12.
Karinhi, R., et al., 1992, “Promoting Concurrent Engineering Through Information Sharing,” ASME Winter Annual Meeting, November, 1992.
Regli, W., 1997, “Internet-Enabled Computer-Aided Design,” IEEE Internet Computing, 1, No. 1, January–February 1997, pp. 39–50.
Zarli, A., and Amar, V., 1997, “Integrating STEP and CORBA for Applications Interoperability in the Future Virtual Enterprise Computer-Based Infrastructures,” Proceedings of the Intelligent Information Systems Conference, December 1997.
Giachetti, R., 1999, “Standard Manufacturing Information Model to Support Design for Manufacturing in Virtual Enterprises,” Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 10, No. 1, Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 49–60.
Zhang, Y., Zhang, C., and Wang, H., 2000, “Internet Based STEP Data Exchange Framework for Virtual Enterprises,” Computers in Industry, 41, No. 1, Elsevier Science Publisher, 2000.
Schreiber, A., 1999, “STEP Support for Virtual Enterprises,” IFIP TC5.3/Prodnet Working Conference on Intrastructures for Virtual Enterprises, October 1999.
Gaines, B., Norrie, D., and Lapsley, A., 1995, “An Intelligent Information System Supporting the Virtual Manufacturing Enterprise,” Proceedings of the 1995 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, Vancouver, October, 1995.
Lam, H., and Su, S., 1998, “Component Interoperability in a Virtual Enterprise Using Events/Triggers/Rules,” Proc. of OOSPLA ’98 Workshop on Objects, Components and Virtual Enterprise, Vancouver, BC, Canada, Oct. 18–22, 1998, pp. 47–53.
You do not currently have access to this content.