Accurate modeling of large wind turbine blades is an extremely challenging problem. This is due to their tremendous geometric complexity and the turbulent and unpredictable conditions in which they operate. In this paper, a continuum based three dimensional finite element model of an elastic wind turbine blade is derived using the absolute nodal coordinates formulation (ANCF). This formulation is very suitable for modeling of large-deformation, large-rotation structures like wind turbine blades. An efficient model of six thin plate elements is proposed for such blades with non-uniform, and twisted nature. Furthermore, a mapping procedure to construct the ANCF model of NACA (National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics) wind turbine blades airfoils is established to mesh the geometry of a real turbine blade. The complex shape of such blades is approximated using an absolute nodal coordinate thin plate element, to take the blades tapering and twist into account. Three numerical examples are presented to show the transient response of the wind turbine blades due to gravitational/aerodynamics forces. The simulation results are compared with those obtained using ANSYS code with a good agreement.
A Continuum Based Three-Dimensional Modeling of Wind Turbine Blades
Contributed by the Design Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the Journal of Computational and Nonlinear Dynamics. Manuscript received December 5, 2011; final manuscript received August 18, 2012; published online October 30, 2012. Assoc. Editor: Khaled E. Zaazaa.
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Bayoumy, A. H., Nada, A. A., and Megahed, S. M. (October 30, 2012). "A Continuum Based Three-Dimensional Modeling of Wind Turbine Blades." ASME. J. Comput. Nonlinear Dynam. July 2013; 8(3): 031004. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4007798
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