Common trends in model reduction of large nonlinear finite element (FE)-discretized systems involve Galerkin projection of the governing equations onto a low-dimensional linear subspace. Though this reduces the number of unknowns in the system, the computational cost for obtaining the reduced solution could still be high due to the prohibitive computational costs involved in the evaluation of nonlinear terms. Hyper-reduction methods are then used for fast approximation of these nonlinear terms. In the finite element context, the energy conserving sampling and weighing (ECSW) method has emerged as an effective tool for hyper-reduction of Galerkin-projection-based reduced-order models (ROMs). More recent trends in model reduction involve the use of nonlinear manifolds, which involves projection onto the tangent space of the manifold. While there are many methods to identify such nonlinear manifolds, hyper-reduction techniques to accelerate computation in such ROMs are rare. In this work, we propose an extension to ECSW to allow for hyper-reduction using nonlinear mappings, while retaining its desirable stability and structure-preserving properties. As a proof of concept, the proposed hyper-reduction technique is demonstrated over models of a flat plate and a realistic wing structure, whose dynamics have been shown to evolve over a nonlinear (quadratic) manifold. An online speed-up of over one thousand times relative to the full system has been obtained for the wing structure using the proposed method, which is higher than its linear counterpart using the ECSW.

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