General differential equations of motion in nonlinear forced vibration analysis of multilayered composite beams are derived by using the higher-order shear deformation theories (HSDT's). Viscoelastic properties of fiber-reinforced plastic composite materials are considered according to the Kelvin–Voigt viscoelastic model for transversely isotropic composite materials. The method of multiple scales is employed to perform analytical frequency amplitude relationships for superharmonic resonance. Parametric study is conducted by considering various geometrical and material parameters, employing HSDT's and first-order deformation theory (FSDT).

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