This study deals with the determination of Lagrangians, first integrals, and integrating factors of the modified Emden equation by using Jacobi and Prelle–Singer methods based on the Lie symmetries and λ-symmetries. It is shown that the Jacobi method enables us to obtain Jacobi last multipliers by means of the Lie symmetries of the equation. Additionally, via the Lie symmetries of modified Emden equation, we analyze some mathematical connections between λ-symmetries and Prelle–Singer method. New and nontrivial Lagrangian forms, conservation laws, and exact solutions of the equation are presented and discussed.

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