This paper focuses on multiscale dynamics occurring in steam supply systems. The dynamics of interest are originally described by a distributed-parameter model for fast steam flows over a pipe network coupled with a lumped-parameter model for slow internal dynamics of boilers. We derive a lumped-parameter model for the dynamics through physically relevant approximations. The derived model is then analyzed theoretically and numerically in terms of existence of normally hyperbolic invariant manifold in the phase space of the model. The existence of the manifold is a dynamical evidence that the derived model preserves the slow–fast dynamics, and suggests a separation principle of short-term and long-term operations of steam supply systems, which is analog to electric power systems. We also quantitatively verify the correctness of the derived model by comparison with brute-force simulation of the original model.

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