Over the past decade, road safety research and impact biomechanics have strongly stimulated the development of anatomical human numerical models using the finite element (FE) approach. The good accuracy of these models, in terms of geometric definition and mechanical response, should now find new areas of application. We focus here on the use of such a model to investigate its potential when studying respiratory mechanics. The human body FE model used in this study was derived from the RADIOSS ® HUMOS model. Modifications first concerned the integration and interfacing of a user-controlled respiratory muscular system including intercostal muscles, scalene muscles, the sternocleidomastoid muscle, and the diaphragm and abdominal wall muscles. Volumetric and pressure measurement procedures for the lungs and both the thoracic and abdominal chambers were also implemented. Validation of the respiratory module was assessed by comparing a simulated maximum inspiration maneuver to volunteer studies in the literature. Validation parameters included lung volume changes, rib rotations, diaphragm shape and vertical deflexion, and intra-abdominal pressure variation. The HUMOS model, initially dedicated to road safety research, could be turned into a promising, realistic 3D model of respiration with only minor modifications.