Abstract

Shear-induced platelet activation is one of the critical outcomes when blood is exposed to elevated shear stress. Excessively activated platelets in the circulation can lead to thrombus formation and platelet consumption, resulting in serious adverse events such as thromboembolism and bleeding. While experimental observations reveal that it is related to the shear stress level and exposure time, the underlying mechanism of shear-induced platelet activation is not fully understood. Various models have been proposed to relate shear stress levels to platelet activation, yet most are modified from the empirically calibrated power-law model. Newly developed multiscale platelet models are tested as a promising approach to capture a single platelet's dynamic shape during activation, but it would be computationally expensive to employ it for a large-scale analysis. This paper summarizes the current numerical models used to study the shear-induced platelet activation and their computational applications in the risk assessment of a particular flow pattern and clot formation prediction.

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