We present a novel reduced-order glottal airflow model that can be coupled with the three-dimensional (3D) solid mechanics model of the vocal fold tissue to simulate the fluid-structure interaction (FSI) during voice production. This type of hybrid FSI models have potential applications in the estimation of the tissue properties that are unknown due to patient variations and/or neuromuscular activities. In this work, the flow is simplified to a one-dimensional (1D) momentum equation based model incorporating the entrance effect and energy loss in the glottis. The performance of the flow model is assessed using a simplified yet 3D vocal fold configuration. We use the immersed-boundary method based 3D FSI simulation as a benchmark to evaluate the momentum based model as well as the Bernoulli-based 1D flow models. The results show that the new model has significantly better performance than the Bernoulli models in terms of prediction for the vocal fold vibration frequency, amplitude, and phase delay. Furthermore, the comparison results are consistent for different medial thicknesses of the vocal fold, subglottal pressures, and tissue material behaviors, indicating that the new model has better robustness than previous reduced-order models.

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