Abstract

Diversity, equity, and inclusion (DEI) are interconnected with bioengineering, yet have historically been absent from accreditation standards and curricula. Toward educating DEI-competent bioengineers and meeting evolving accreditation requirements, we took a program-level approach to incorporate, catalog, and assess DEI content through the bioengineering undergraduate program. To support instructors in adding DEI content and inclusive pedagogy, our team developed a DEI planning worksheet and surveyed instructors pre- and post-course. Over the academic year, 74% of instructors provided a pre-term and/or post-term response. Of responding instructors, 91% described at least one DEI curricular content improvement, and 88% incorporated at least one new inclusive pedagogical approach. Based on the curricular adjustments reported by instructors, we grouped the bioengineering-related DEI content into five DEI competency categories: bioethics, inclusive design, inclusive scholarship, inclusive professionalism, and systemic inequality. To assess the DEI content incorporation, we employed direct assessment via course assignments, end-of-module student surveys, end-of-term course evaluations, and an end-of-year program review. When asked how much their experience in the program helped them develop specific DEI competencies, students reported a relatively high average of 3.79 (scale of 1 = “not at all” to 5 = “very much”). Additionally, based on student performance in course assignments and other student feedback, we found that instructors were able to effectively incorporate DEI content into a wide variety of courses. We offer this framework and lessons learned to be adopted by programs similarly motivated to train DEI-competent engineering professionals and provide an equitable, inclusive engineering education for all students.

References

1.
ABET
, 2022, Criteria for Accrediting Engineering Programs, 2022–2023,
ABET
, Baltimore, MD, accessed Aug. 9, 2022, https://www.abet.org/accreditation/accreditation-criteria/criteria-for-accrediting-engineering-programs-2022-2023/
2.
ABET
, 2023, Criteria for Accrediting Engineering Programs, 2023–2024,
ABET
, Baltimore, MD, accessed Feb. 5, 2023, https://www.abet.org/accreditation/accreditation-criteria/criteria-for-accrediting-engineering-programs-2023-2024/
3.
Bansal
,
S.
,
Kyle
,
A. M.
,
Brightman
,
A. O.
, and
Amos
,
J. R.
,
2023
, “
Approaches to Address New ABET Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Criteria in Biomedical Engineering Curricula
,”
Biomed. Eng. Educ.
,
3
(
2
), pp.
331
344
.10.1007/s43683-023-00116-4
4.
Asgarpoor
,
J. S.
,
Handley
,
M.
,
Sarang-Sieminski
,
A. L.
,
Slaughter
,
J. B.
,
Pollock
,
M. C.
,
Murzi
,
H.
, and
Cox
,
M. F.
,
2021
, “
Embracing Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion in Our Classroom and Teaching
,” 2021 ASEE Virtual Annual Conference Content Access, Virtual, July
26
29
.
5.
Prieto
,
L. R.
,
Whittlesey
,
V.
,
Herbert
,
D.
,
Ocampo
,
C.
,
Schomburg
,
A.
, and
So
,
D.
,
2009
, “
Dealing With Diversity Issues in the Classroom: A Survey of the STP Membership
,”
Teach. Psychol.
,
36
(
2
), pp.
77
83
.10.1080/00986280802529236
6.
Blackmon
,
R.
, and
Hargrove-Leak
,
S. C.
,
2022
, “
Course Interventions to Promote Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion in Engineering Curricula,
” 2022 Collaborative Network for Engineering & Computing Diversity (CoNECD), New Orleans, LA, Feb.
20
23
.
7.
Miskioglu
,
E.
,
2018
, “
It Takes All Kinds: Incorporating Diversity Education in the Engineering Classroom,
” 2018 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Salt Lake City, UT, June
24
27
.
8.
Rambo-Hernandez
,
K.
,
Morris
,
M.
,
Casper
,
A. M. A.
,
Hensel
,
R.
,
Schwartz
,
J.
, and
Atadero
,
R.
,
2019
, “
Examining the Effects of Equity, Inclusion, and Diversity Activities in First-Year Engineering Classes,
” 2019 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Tampa, FL, June
16
19
.
9.
Vazquez
,
M.
,
2018
, “
Engaging Biomedical Engineering in Health Disparities Challenges
,”
J. Commut. Med. Health Educ.
,
8
(
2
), p.
595
.10.4172/2161-0711.1000595
10.
Storm
,
K.
,
Zhang
,
J.
, and
Haase
,
E.
,
2022
, “
Development and Implementation of a Health Equity-Focused Python and Machine Learning Module in an Introductory BME Course
,”
Biomed. Eng. Educ.
,
2
(
2
), pp.
167
174
.10.1007/s43683-022-00079-y
11.
Walsh
,
A. J.
, and
Raghavan
,
S.
,
2022
, “
Design and Implementation of Privilege for Sale, a JEDI Activity for a Biomedical Engineering Introductory Course
,”
Biomed. Eng. Educ.
,
2
(
2
), pp.
183
188
.10.1007/s43683-022-00070-7
12.
Hendricks
,
D. G.
, and
Flores
,
Y.
,
2021
, “
Teaching Social Justice to Engineering Students,
” 2021 ASEE Virtual Annual Conference Content Access, Virtual, July
26
29
.
13.
Long
,
L. L.
, III
,
2020
, “
Toward an Antiracist Engineering Classroom for 2020 and Beyond: A Starter Kit
,”
J. Eng. Educ.
,
109
(
4
), pp.
636
639
.10.1002/jee.20363
14.
McGee
,
E. O.
,
2020
, “
Interrogating Structural Racism in STEM Higher Education
,”
Educ. Res.
,
49
(
9
), pp.
633
644
.10.3102/0013189X20972718
15.
Youmans
,
Q. R.
,
Hastings-Spaine
,
L.
,
Princewill
,
O.
,
Shobayo
,
T.
, and
Okwuosa
,
I. S.
,
2019
, “
Disparities in Cardiovascular Care: Past, Present, and Solutions
,”
CCJM
,
86
(
9
), pp.
621
632
.10.3949/ccjm.86a.18088
16.
Piña
,
I. L.
,
Jimenez
,
S.
,
Lewis
,
E. F.
,
Morris
,
A. A.
,
Onwuanyi
,
A.
,
Tam
,
E.
, and
Ventura
,
H. O.
,
2021
, “
Race and Ethnicity in Heart Failure
,”
J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.
,
78
(
25
), pp.
2589
2598
.10.1016/j.jacc.2021.06.058
17.
McChesney
,
K. Y.
,
2015
, “
Teaching Diversity: The Science You Need to Know to Explain Why Race is Not Biological
,”
SAGE Open
,
5
(
4
), p.
215824401561171
.10.1177/2158244015611712
18.
Shaker
,
Y.
,
Grineski
,
S. E.
,
Collins
,
T. W.
, and
Flores
,
A. B.
,
2023
, “
Redlining, Racism and Food Access in U.S. Urban Cores
,”
Agric. Hum. Values
,
40
(
1
), pp.
101
112
.10.1007/s10460-022-10340-3
19.
Li
,
M.
, and
Yuan
,
F.
,
2022
, “
Historical Redlining and Food Environments: A Study of 102 Urban Areas in the United States
,”
Health Place
,
75
, p.
102775
.10.1016/j.healthplace.2022.102775
20.
Hoffman
,
K. M.
,
Trawalter
,
S.
,
Axt
,
J. R.
, and
Oliver
,
M. N.
,
2016
, “
Racial Bias in Pain Assessment and Treatment Recommendations, and False Beliefs About Biological Differences Between Blacks and Whites
,”
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.
,
113
(
16
), pp.
4296
4301
.10.1073/pnas.1516047113
21.
Harrison
,
K. C.
, and
Lawrence
,
S. M.
,
2004
, “
College Students' Perceptions, Myths, and Stereotypes About African American Athleticism: A Qualitative Investigation
,”
Sport Educ. Soc.
,
9
(
1
), pp.
33
52
.10.1080/1357332042000175809
22.
Deyrup
,
A.
, and
Graves
,
J. L.
,
2022
, “
Racial Biology and Medical Misconceptions
,”
New Engl. J. Med.
,
386
(
6
), pp.
501
503
.10.1056/NEJMp2116224
23.
Kajfez
,
R.
,
Vuyk
,
P.
,
Mollica
,
M.
, and
Riter
,
E.
,
2016
, “
Toy Adaptation Program Workshop: Enriching First-Year Engineers by Teaching the Electronic Toy Adaptation Process
,” 2016 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, New Orleans, LA, June 26–29
.
24.
Mollica
,
M. Y.
,
Kajfez
,
R. L.
, and
Riter
,
E.
,
2021
,
Toy Adaptation for Children With Disabilities: A Translatable Means to Engage Engineering Students in Community Engaged Learning
,
Advances in Engineering Education
, American Society of Engineering Education, Washington, DC.
25.
Taylor
,
A.
,
2022
, “
Integrating Universal Design and Accessibility Into Bioengineering Curriculum,
” 2022 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Minneapolis, MN, June
26
29
.
26.
Mollica
,
M. Y.
,
Feldner
,
H.
,
Caspi
,
A.
,
Steele
,
K. M.
, and
Hendricks
,
D. G.
,
2017
, “
Toy Adaptation in Undergraduate Education and Outreach: An Initial Examination Into Participant Experience and Perceptions
,” 2017 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition
, Columbus, OH, July
25
28
.
27.
Mollica
,
M. Y.
,
Spomer
,
A. M.
,
Goodwin
,
B. M.
,
Israel
,
S.
,
Caspi
,
A.
,
Feldner
,
H. A.
,
Steele
,
K. M.
, and
Hendricks
,
D. G.
,
2019
, “
Engagement in Practice: Toy Adaptation for Children With Disabilities: Engaging the Community Through Educational Outreach and Toy Donation,
” 2019 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition Proceedings, Tampa, FL, June
16
19
.
28.
Taylor
,
A. C.
, and
Mollica
,
M. Y.
,
2023
, “
Toy Adaptation in a Laboratory Course: An Examination of Laboratory Interests and Career Motivations,
” 2023 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Baltimore, MD, June
25
28
.
29.
Williams
,
J. C.
,
Li
,
S.
,
Rincon
,
R.
, and
Finn
,
P.
,
2016
, “
Climate Control: Gender and Racial Bias in Engineering?
” Report No.
SSRN 4014946
.https://swe.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/16-SWE-020-Work-Study-10_20_16-CP.pdf
30.
Jensen
,
L. E.
, and
Deemer
,
E. D.
,
2019
, “
Identity, Campus Climate, and Burnout Among Undergraduate Women in STEM Fields
,”
Career Develop. Q.
,
67
(
2
), pp.
96
109
.10.1002/cdq.12174
31.
American Society for Engineering Education
,
2022
,
Profiles of Engineering and Engineering Technology, 2021
,
American Society for Engineering Education
, Washington, DC.https://ira.asee.org/wpcontent/uploads/2022/11/Engineering-and-Engineering-Technology-by-the-Numbers-2021.pdf
32.
UW College of Engineering
,
2021
,
UW College of Engineering Fact Sheet
,
University of Washington College of Engineering, Seattle, WA
.https://www.engr.washington.edu/files/about/docs/2021-COE-Fact-Sheet-web.pdf
33.
McGee
,
E. O.
, and
Stovall
,
D. O.
,
2020
,
Black, Brown, Bruised: How Racialized STEM Education Stifles Innovation
,
Harvard Education Press
,
Cambridge, MA
.
34.
Camacho
,
M. M.
, and
Lord
,
S. M.
,
2011
, “
Microaggressions' in Engineering Education: Climate for Asian, Latina and White Women
,” Frontiers in Education Conference (
FIE
), Rapid City, SD, Oct. 12–15, pp.
S3H-1
S3H-6
.10.1109/FIE.2011.6142970
35.
Strayhorn
,
T.
,
Long
,
L.
,
Kitchen
,
J.
,
Williams
,
M.
, and
Stentz
,
M.
,
2013
, “
Academic and Social Barriers to Black and Latino Male Collegians' Success in Engineering and Related STEM Fields
,”
ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition Proceedings
,
ASEE Conferences
,
Atlanta, GA
, June 23–26, pp.
23.132.1
23.132.14
.
36.
Long
,
L. L.
, and
Mejia
,
J. A.
,
2016
, “
Conversations About Diversity: Institutional Barriers for Underrepresented Engineering Students
,”
J. Eng. Edu.
,
105
(
2
), pp.
211
218
.10.1002/jee.20114
37.
Moon
,
N. W.
,
Todd
,
R. L.
,
Morton
,
D. L.
, and
Ivey
,
E.
,
2012
,
Accomondating Students With Disabilities in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM)
,
Center for Assistive Technology and Environmental Access
,
Atlanta, GA
.
38.
Jeannis
,
H.
,
Joseph
,
J.
,
Goldberg
,
M.
,
Seelman
,
K.
,
Schmeler
,
M.
, and
Cooper
,
R. A.
,
2018
, “
Full-Participation of Students With Physical Disabilities in Science and Engineering Laboratories
,”
Disabil. Rehabilitation Assistive Technol.
,
13
(
2
), pp.
186
193
.10.1080/17483107.2017.1300348
39.
Graves
,
J. L.
,
Kearney
,
M.
,
Barabino
,
G.
, and
Malcom
,
S.
,
2022
, “
Inequality in Science and the Case for a New Agenda
,”
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.
,
119
(
10
), p.
e2117831119
.10.1073/pnas.2117831119
40.
Matters
,
M.
,
Buzzanell
,
P.
, and
Zoltowski
,
C.
,
2022
, “
International Engineering Students' Resistance to Isolating University Experiences: An Opportunity for Greater Inclusion in Engineering Education
,”
CoNECD (Collaborative Network for Engineering & Computing Diversity)
,
ASEE Conferences
,
New Orleans, LA
, Feb.
20
23
.
41.
Joyce
,
T.
, and
Hopkins
,
C.
,
2014
, “
Part of the Community?' First Year International Students and Their Engineering Teams
,”
Eng. Educ.
,
9
(
1
), pp.
18
32
.10.11120/ened.2014.00019
42.
Rice
,
C.
, and
Mays
,
D.
,
2022
, “
Opinion: Building Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Into an Engineering Course
,”
Adv. Eng. Educ.
,
10
(
4
).10.18260/3-1-1153-36034
43.
Dobbin
,
F.
, and
Kalev
,
A.
,
2016
,
Why Diversity Programs Fail
,
Harvard Business Review
, Brighton, MA.https://hbr.org/2016/07/why-diversity-programs-fail
44.
Diaz
,
J.
,
2023
,
Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis Signs a Bill Banning DEI Initiatives in Public Colleges
, National Public Radio (NPR), Washington, DC
.https://www.npr.org/2023/05/15/1176210007/floridaron-desantis-dei-ban-diversity
45.
Iyer
,
K.
, and
Boyette
,
C.
,
2023
,
Texas Governor Signs Bill to Ban DEI Offices at State Public Colleges CNN Politics
,
CNN
, Atlanta, GA.
46.
Sanger
,
C. S.
,
2020
, “
Inclusive Pedagogy and Universal Design Approaches for Diverse Learning Environments
,”
Diversity and Inclusion in Global Higher Education: Lessons From Across Asia
,
C. S.
Sanger
, and
N. W.
Gleason
, eds.,
Springer
,
Singapore
, pp.
31
71
.
47.
Moore
,
N. C.
,
2021
, DEI Education for All at Michigan Engineering,
Engineering Research News
, Ann Arbor, MI, accessed Oct. 25, 2022, https://news.engin.umich.edu/2021/08/dei-education-for-all-at-michigan-engineering/
You do not currently have access to this content.