In engineering and medicine, there is a growing interest in using textiles made of composites with enhanced thermal properties. One such type of textile is fabric impregnated with ceramics and mineral particles. This material has high emissivity in the infrared range and may have therapeutic benefits for treatments of diseases, like Raynaud's syndrome. While there is significant clinical and commercial interest, there is an evident lack of fundamental studies on the heat transfer aspects of these fabrics. The goal of this technical brief is to present results from a fundamental study examining the thermal effects of fabric with ceramics and minerals (produced by Nanobionic, Inc., Athens, Greece) on the temperatures of the hands. With a confidence level of 90%, the results show that the textile with ceramics and minerals has an enhanced thermal effect on warming a cold hand in comparison to a placebo fabric without ceramics or minerals. Much more research is needed to increase the level of confidence and develop a fundamental understanding of the mechanism.
The Effect of Textiles Impregnated With Particles With High Emissivity in the Far Infrared, on the Temperature of the Cold Hand
Manuscript received September 4, 2018; final manuscript received November 5, 2018; published online January 18, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Ram Devireddy.
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Papacharalambous, M., Karvounis, G., Kenanakis, G., Gupta, A., and Rubinsky, B. (January 18, 2019). "The Effect of Textiles Impregnated With Particles With High Emissivity in the Far Infrared, on the Temperature of the Cold Hand." ASME. J Biomech Eng. March 2019; 141(3): 034502. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4042044
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