Innovation arises from creativity. “Thinking outside the box” has long been seen as a necessary precursor to innovation and invention in engineering. However, creativity is rarely part of traditional engineering curricula. In 2015, our group began to explore integrating theater-based creativity methods into bioengineering capstone design. Evaluation of student outcomes was encouraging, so we continued to develop the course in 2016 and 2017. As we worked to refine the pedagogical process, we discovered tensions (real or perceived) between providing academic rigor and allowing students to embrace their creativity; for instance, we experienced some resistance from engineering faculty and students toward adopting methods they viewed as “artsy” or lacking academic rigor. Here, we discuss the tensions we observed offer potential ways to mitigate such tensions and begin to consider how to expand on our successes.

References

References
1.
Pfeiffer
,
F. M.
,
2016
, “
Experiences With Introducing STEM Clubs to K-12 Students: Perils, Pitfalls, and Pearls of Wisdom
?,”
Summer Biomechanics, Bioengineering, and Biotransport
, American Society of Mechanical Engineering,
New York, MD
.
2.
Pfeiffer
,
F. M.
,
Burgoyne
,
S.
, and,
Bauer
,
R.
,
2016
, “
When Theatre Comes to Capstone Design: Oh How Creative They Can Be…
,”
Summer Biomechanics, Bioengineering, and Biotransport
, American Society of Mechanical Engineering, New York.
3.
Pfeiffer
,
F. M.
,
Morss-Clyne
,
A.
, and
Ferguson
,
V.
,
2016
, “
Active Teaching and Learning in Bioengineering
,”
Summer Biomechanics, Bioengineering, and Biotransport
, American Society of Mechanical Engineering, New York.
4.
Pfeiffer
,
F. M.
,
Bauer
,
R. E.
,
Borgelt
,
S.
,
Burgoyne
,
S.
,
Grant
,
S.
,
Hunt
,
H. K.
,
Pardoe
,
J. J.
, and
Schmidt
,
D. C.
,
2017
, “
When Theater Comes to Engineering Design: Oh How Creative They Can Be
,”
ASME J. Biomech. Eng.
,
139
(
7
), pp.
1
4
.
5.
Carberry
,
A. R.
,
Lee
,
H.-S.
, and
Ohland
,
M. W.
,
2010
, “
Measuring Engineering Design Self-Efficacy
,”
J. Eng. Educ.
,
99
(
1
), pp.
71
79
.
6.
Williamson
,
R.
, and
Blackburn
,
B.
,
2010
,
Rigorous Schools and Classrooms: Leading the Way
,
Routledge
,
New York
.
7.
Kaufman
,
J. C.
,
2009
,
Creativity 101
,
Springer
,
New York
.
8.
Sawyer
,
K.
,
2012
,
Explaining Creativity: The Science of Human Innovation
,
2nd ed.
,
Oxford University Press
,
New York
.
9.
Csikszentmihalyi
,
M.
,
1996
,
Creativity: Flow and the Psychology of Invention and Innovation
,
Harper Perennial
,
New York
.
10.
Beghetto
,
R. A.
, and
Kaufman
,
J. C.
,
2010
, “
Broadening Conceptions of Creativity in the Classroom
,”
Nurturing Creativity in the Classroom
,
R. A.
Beghetto
and
J. C.
Kaufman
, eds.,
Cambridge University Press
,
Cambridge, UK
.
11.
Valentine
,
A.
,
Belski
,
I.
, and
Hamilton
,
M.
,
2016
, “
Engaging Engineering Students in Creative Problem Solving Tasks: How Does It Influence Future Performance?
,”
44th SEFI Conference on Engineering Education on Top of the World: Industry University Cooperation
, Tampere, Finland, Sept. 12–15.
12.
Carpenter
,
W.
,
2016
, “
Engineering Creativity: Toward an Understanding of the Relationship Between Perceptions of Creativity in Engineering Design and Creative Performance
,”
Int. J. Eng. Educ.
,
32
(
5A
), pp.
2016
2024
.http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=akron1460410915
13.
Perez-Poch
,
A.
,
Olmedo-Torre
,
N.
,
Sánchez
,
F.
,
Salán
,
N.
, and
López
,
D.
,
2016
, “
On the Influence of Creativity in Basic Programming Learning in a First-Year Engineering Course
,”
Int. J. Eng. Educ.
,
32
(5B), pp.
2302
2309
.http://hdl.handle.net/2117/97382
14.
Moore
,
T. L.
, and
Shaughnessy
,
M. F.
,
2014
, “
An Interview With Keith Sawyer on Creativity
,”
Int. J. Creativity Probl. Solving
,
24
(
1
), pp.
44
52
.http://go.galegroup.com/ps/anonymous?id=GALE%7CA443011717&sid=googleScholar&v=2.1&it=r&linkaccess=abs&issn=22890408&p=AONE&sw=w
15.
Zenios
,
S.
, et al. .,
2010
,
Biodesign: The Process of Innovating Medical Technologies
,
Cambridge University Press
,
New York
.
16.
Robinson
,
S. K.
,
2011
,
Out of Our Minds: Learning to Be Creative
,
Capstone
,
Chichester, UK
.
17.
Sawyer
,
K.
,
2013
,
Zig-Zag: The Surprising Path to Greater Creativity
,
Jossey-Bass
,
San Francisco, CA
.
18.
Crilly
,
N.
, and
Cardoso
,
C.
,
2017
, “
Where Next for Research on Fixation, Inspiration and Creativity in Design?
,”
Des. Stud.
,
50
, pp.
1
38
.
19.
Crilly
,
N.
,
2015
, “
Fixation and Creativity in Concept Development: The Attitudes and Practices of Expert Designers
,”
Des. Stud.
,
38
, pp.
54
91
.
You do not currently have access to this content.