Aneurysm recurrence is the most critical concern following coil embolization of a cerebral aneurysm. Adequate packing density (PD) and coil uniformity are believed necessary to achieve sufficient flow stagnation, which decreases the risk of aneurysm recurrence. The effect of coil distribution on the extent of flow stagnation, however, especially in cases of dense packing (high PD), has received less attention. Thus, the cause of aneurysm recurrence despite dense packing is still an open question. The primary aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of local coil density on the extent of blood flow stagnation in densely coiled aneurysms. For this purpose, we developed a robust computational framework to determine blood flow using a Cartesian grid method, by which the complex fluid pathways in coiled aneurysms could be flexibly treated using an implicit function. This tool allowed us to conduct blood flow analyses in two patient-specific geometries with 50 coil distribution patterns in each aneurysm at clinically adequate PD. The results demonstrated that dense packing in the aneurysm may not necessarily block completely the inflow into the aneurysm and local flow that formed in the neck region, whose strength was inversely related to this local PD. This finding suggests that local coil density in the neck region still plays an important role in disturbing the remaining local flow, which possibly prevents thrombus formation in a whole aneurysm sac, increasing the risk of aneurysm regrowth and subsequent recurrence.

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