Mechanical instability of soft tissues can either risk their normal function or alternatively trigger patterning mechanisms during growth and morphogenesis processes. Unlike standard stability analysis of linear elastic bodies, for soft tissues undergoing large deformations it is imperative to account for the nonlinearities induced by the coupling between load and surface changes at onset of instability. The related issue of boundary conditions, in context of soft tissues, has hardly been addressed in the literature, with most of available research employing dead-load conditions. This paper is concerned with the influence of imposed homogeneous rate (incremental) surface data on critical loads and associated modes in soft tissues, within the context of linear bifurcation analysis. Material behavior is modeled by compressible isotropic hyperelastic strain energy functions (SEFs), with experimentally validated material parameters for the Fung–Demiray SEF, over a range of constitutive response (including brain and liver tissues). For simplicity, we examine benchmark problems of basic spherical patterns: full sphere, spherical cavity, and thick spherical shell. Limiting the analysis to primary hydrostatic states we arrive at universal closed-form solutions, thus providing insight on the role of imposed boundary data. Influence of selected rate boundary conditions (RBCs) like dead-load and fluid-pressure (FP), coupled with constitutive parameters, on the existence and levels of bifurcation loads is compared and discussed. It is argued that the selection of the appropriate type of homogeneous RBC can have a critical effect on the level of bifurcation loads and even exclude the emergence of bifurcation instabilities.
On Rate Boundary Conditions for Soft Tissue Bifurcation Analysis
This work is based in part on a Ph.D. thesis, Emuna, Nir, 2014, “Bending Theory of Functionally Graded Beams,” The Technion, Israel.
Manuscript received March 12, 2018; final manuscript received July 29, 2018; published online October 1, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Guy M. Genin.
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Emuna, N., and Durban, D. (October 1, 2018). "On Rate Boundary Conditions for Soft Tissue Bifurcation Analysis." ASME. J Biomech Eng. December 2018; 140(12): 121010. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4041165
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