Tumor growth being a multistage process has been investigated from different aspects. In the present study, an attempt is made to represent a constitutive-structure-based model of avascular tumor growth in which the effects of tensile stresses caused by collagen fibers are considered. Collagen fibers as a source of anisotropy in the structure of tissue are taken into account using a continuous fiber distribution formulation. To this end, a finite element modeling is implemented in which a neo-Hookean hyperelastic material is assigned to the tumor and its surrounding host. The tumor is supplied with a growth term. The growth term includes the effect of parameters such as nutrient concentration on the tumor growth and the tumor's solid phase content in the formulation. Results of the study revealed that decrease of solid phase is indicative of decrease in growth rate and the final steady-state value of tumor's radius. Moreover, fiber distribution affects the final shape of the tumor, and it could be used to control the shape and geometry of the tumor in complex morphologies. Finally, the findings demonstrated that the exerted stresses on the tumor increase as time passes. Compression of tumor cells leads to the reduction of tumor growth rate until it gradually reaches an equilibrium radius. This finding is in accordance with experimental data. Hence, this formulation can be deployed to evaluate both the residual stresses induced by growth and the mechanical interactions with the host tissue.
Finite Element Modeling of Avascular Tumor Growth Using a Stress-Driven Model
Manuscript received February 5, 2017; final manuscript received June 9, 2017; published online June 22, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Thao (Vicky) Nguyen.
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Iranmanesh, F., and Nazari, M. A. (June 22, 2017). "Finite Element Modeling of Avascular Tumor Growth Using a Stress-Driven Model." ASME. J Biomech Eng. August 2017; 139(8): 081009. doi: https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4037038
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