An extensive multiaxial experimental campaign on the monotonic, time- and history-dependent mechanical response of bovine Glisson's capsule (GC) is presented. Reproducible characteristics were observed such as J-shaped curves in uniaxial and biaxial configurations, large lateral contraction, cyclic tension softening, large tension relaxation, and moderate creep strain accumulation. The substantial influence of the reference state selection on the kinematic response and the tension versus stretch curves is demonstrated and discussed. The parameters of a large-strain viscoelastic constitutive model were determined based on the data of uniaxial tension relaxation experiments. The model is shown to well predict the uniaxial and biaxial viscoelastic responses in all other configurations. GC, the corresponding model, and the experimental protocols are proposed as a useful basis for future studies on the relation between microstructure and tissue functionality and on the factors influencing the mechanical response of soft collagenous membranes.

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