Studies on intervertebral disk (IVD) response to various loads and postures are essential to understand disk's mechanical functions and to suggest preventive and corrective actions in the workplace. The experimental and finite-element (FE) approaches are well-suited for these studies, but validating their findings is difficult, partly due to the lack of alternative methods. Analytical modeling could allow methodological triangulation and help validation of FE models. This paper presents an analytical method based on thin-shell, beam-on-elastic-foundation and composite materials theories to evaluate the stresses in the anulus fibrosus (AF) of an axisymmetric disk composed of multiple thin lamellae. Large deformations of the soft tissues are accounted for using an iterative method and the anisotropic material properties are derived from a published biaxial experiment. The results are compared to those obtained by FE modeling. The results demonstrate the capability of the analytical model to evaluate the stresses at any location of the simplified AF. It also demonstrates that anisotropy reduces stresses in the lamellae. This novel model is a preliminary step in developing valuable analytical models of IVDs, and represents a distinctive groundwork that is able to sustain future refinements. This paper suggests important features that may be included to improve model realism.
Anisotropic Multishell Analytical Modeling of an Intervertebral Disk Subjected to Axial Compression
Manuscript received May 15, 2015; final manuscript received January 21, 2016; published online February 25, 2016. Assoc. Editor: James C. Iatridis.
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Demers, S., Nadeau, S., and Bouzid, A. (February 25, 2016). "Anisotropic Multishell Analytical Modeling of an Intervertebral Disk Subjected to Axial Compression." ASME. J Biomech Eng. April 2016; 138(4): 041004. doi: https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4032628
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