Using a simplified two-dimensional divider-channel setup, we simulate the development process of red blood cell (RBC) flows in the entrance region of microvessels to study the wall shear stress (WSS) behaviors. Significant temporal and spatial variation in WSS is noticed. The maximum WSS magnitude and the strongest variation are observed at the channel inlet due to the close cell-wall contact. From the channel inlet, both the mean WSS and variation magnitude decrease, with a abrupt drop in the close vicinity near the inlet and then a slow relaxation over a relatively long distance; and a relative stable state with approximately constant mean and variation is established when the flow is well developed. The correlations between the WSS variation features and the cell free layer (CFL) structure are explored, and the effects of several hemodynamic parameters on the WSS variation are examined. In spite of the model limitations, the qualitative information revealed in this study could be useful for better understanding relevant processes and phenomena in the microcirculation.
Temporal and Spatial Variations of Wall Shear Stress in the Entrance Region of Microvessels
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Manuscript received November 4, 2014; final manuscript received March 6, 2015; published online April 6, 2015. Assoc. Editor: Tim David.
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Oulaid, O., and Zhang, J. (June 1, 2015). "Temporal and Spatial Variations of Wall Shear Stress in the Entrance Region of Microvessels." ASME. J Biomech Eng. June 2015; 137(6): 061008. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4030055
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