The primary aim of this work was to investigate the performance of self-expanding Nitinol stents in a curved artery through finite element analysis. The interaction between a PROTÉGÉTM GPSTM self-expanding Nitinol stent and a stenosed artery, as well as a sheath, was characterized in terms of acute lumen gain, stent underexpansion, incomplete stent apposition, and tissue prolapse. The clinical implications of these parameters were discussed. The impact of stent deployment orientation and the stent length on the arterial wall stress distribution were evaluated. It was found that the maximum principal stress increased by 17.46%, when the deployment orientation of stent was varied at a 5 deg angle. A longer stent led to an increased contact pressure between stent and underlying tissue, which might alleviate the stent migration. However, it also caused a severe hinge effect and arterial stress concentration correspondingly, which might aggravate neointimal hyperplasia. The fundamental understanding of the behavior of a self-expanding stent and its clinical implications will facilitate a better device design.

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