When using optical motion capture systems, increasing the number of cameras improves the visibility. However, the software used to deal with the information fusion from multiple cameras may compromise the accuracy of the system due to camera dropout, which can vary with time. In cadaver studies of radial head motion, increasing the number of cameras used by the motion capture system seemed to decrease the accuracy of the measurements. This study investigates the cause. The hypothesis was that errors in position can be induced when markers are obscured from and then restored to a camera’s viewable range, as can happen in biomechanical studies. Accuracy studies quantified the capabilities of the motion capture system with precision translation and rotation movements. To illustrate the effect that abrupt perceived changes in a marker’s position can have on the calculation of radial head travel, simulated motion experiments were performed. In these studies, random noise was added to simulated data, which obscured the resultant path of motion. Finally, camera-blocking experiments were performed in which precise movements were measured with a six-camera Vicon system and the errors between the actual and perceived motion were computed. During measurement, cameras were selectively blocked and restored to view. The maximum errors in translation and rotation were 3.7 mm and 0.837 deg, respectively. Repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVAs) confirmed that the camera-blocking influenced the results. Taken together, these results indicate that camera-switching can affect the observation of fine movements using a motion analysis system with a large number of cameras. One solution is to offer opportunity for user interaction in the software to choose the cameras used for each instant of time.
Effects of Camera Switching on Fine Accuracy in a Motion Capture System
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Kuxhaus, L., Schimoler, P. J., Vipperman, J. S., and Miller, M. C. (November 21, 2008). "Effects of Camera Switching on Fine Accuracy in a Motion Capture System." ASME. J Biomech Eng. January 2009; 131(1): 014502. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3002910
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