We describe an experimental method and apparatus for the estimation of constitutive parameters of soft tissue using Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), in particular for the estimation of passive myocardial material properties. MRI tissue tagged images were acquired with simultaneous pressure recordings, while the tissue was cyclically deformed using a custom built reciprocating pump actuator. A continuous three-dimensional (3D) displacement field was reconstructed from the imaged tag motion. Cavity volume changes and local tissue microstructure were determined from phase contrast velocity and diffusion tensor MR images, respectively. The Finite Element Method (FEM) was used to solve the finite elasticity problem and obtain the displacement field that satisfied the applied boundary conditions and a given set of material parameters. The material parameters which best fit the FEM predicted displacements to the displacements reconstructed from the tagged images were found by nonlinear optimization. The equipment and method were validated using inflation of a deformable silicon gel phantom in the shape of a cylindrical annulus. The silicon gel was well described by a neo-Hookian material law with a single material parameter estimated independently using a rotational shear apparatus. The MRI derived parameter was allowed to vary regionally and was estimated as across the model. Preliminary results from the passive inflation of an isolated arrested pig heart are also presented, demonstrating the feasibility of the apparatus and method for isolated heart preparations. FEM based models can therefore estimate constitutive parameters accurately and reliably from MRI tagging data.
Method and Apparatus for Soft Tissue Material Parameter Estimation Using Tissue Tagged Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Contributed by the Bioengineering Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING. Manuscript received by the Bioengineering Division October 22, 2003; revision received August 31, 2004. Associate Editor: Jay D. Humphrey.
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Augenstein, K. F., Cowan, B. R., LeGrice , I. J., Nielsen , P. M. F., and Young, A. A. (March 8, 2005). "Method and Apparatus for Soft Tissue Material Parameter Estimation Using Tissue Tagged Magnetic Resonance Imaging ." ASME. J Biomech Eng. February 2005; 127(1): 148–157. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1835360
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