Arterial branches are found to be a major site for formation of arterial plaque. In this study, we investigate the role of the bifurcation angle on the flow into a symmetric bifurcation. Specially, how the changes in the bifurcation angle influences the distribution of axial wall shear in the bifurcation model. The flow in a range of branch opening half-angle of are numerically simulated. The flow in the above models is calculated for the inlet flow Reynolds numbers of 250, 500, 1000, and 2000. It is found that at higher values of the opening angle of the bifurcation, the possibility and severity of flow separation at the appropriate wall location increases.
Branch Angle and Flow Into a Symmetric Bifurcation
Contributed by the Bioengineering Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING. Manuscript received by the Bioengineering Division March 31, 2003; revision received October 17, 2003. Associate Editor: A. Yoganathan.
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Tadjfar , M. (September 27, 2004). "Branch Angle and Flow Into a Symmetric Bifurcation ." ASME. J Biomech Eng. August 2004; 126(4): 516–518. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1785809
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