Cyclic loading of bone during daily activities can lead to fatigue degradation and increased risk of fracture in both the young and elderly population. Damage processes under cyclic loading in trabecular bone result in the reduction of the elastic modulus and accumulation of residual strain. These effects increase with increasing stress levels, leading to a progressive reduction in fatigue life. The present work analyzes the effect of stress and strain variation on the above damage processes in bovine trabecular bone, and develops a phenomenological model relating fatigue life to the imposed stress level. The elastic modulus reduction of the bone specimens was observed to depend on the maximum compressive strain, while the rate of residual strain accumulation was a function of the stress level. A model was developed for the upper and lower bounds of bone elastic modulus reduction with increasing number of cycles, at each stress range. The experimental observations were described well by the model. The model predicted the bounds of the fatigue life with change in fatigue stress. The decrease in the fatigue life with increasing stress was related to corresponding increases in the residual strain accumulation rates at the elevated stress levels. The model shows the validity of fatigue predictions from relatively few cyclic experiments, by combining trends observed in the monotonic and the cyclic tests. The model also presents a relatively simple procedure for predicting the endurance limit for bovine trabecular bone specimens.
A Phenomenological Model for Predicting Fatigue Life in Bovine Trabecular Bone
Contributed by the Bioengineering Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING. Manuscript received by the Bioengineering Division August 1, 2003; revision received October 27, 2003. Associate Editor: L. Setton.
- Views Icon Views
- Share Icon Share
- Cite Icon Cite
- Search Site
Ganguly, P., Moore, T. L. A., and Gibson, L. J. (June 24, 2004). "A Phenomenological Model for Predicting Fatigue Life in Bovine Trabecular Bone ." ASME. J Biomech Eng. June 2004; 126(3): 330–339. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1762893
Download citation file:
- Ris (Zotero)
- Reference Manager