To optimize the mechanical properties and integrity of tissue-engineered aortic heart valves, it is necessary to gain insight into the effects of mechanical stimuli on the mechanical behavior of the tissue using mathematical models. In this study, a finite-element (FE) model is presented to relate changes in collagen fiber content and orientation to the mechanical loading condition within the engineered construct. We hypothesized that collagen fibers aligned with principal strain directions and that collagen content increased with the fiber stretch. The results indicate that the computed preferred fiber directions run from commissure to commissure and show a strong resemblance to experimental data from native aortic heart valves.
Computational Analyses of Mechanically Induced Collagen Fiber Remodeling in the Aortic Heart Valve
Contributed by the Bioengineering Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING. Manuscript received by the Bioengineering Division July 25, 2002; revision received March 12, 2003. Associate Editor: J. S. Wayne.
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Driessen, N. J. B., Boerboom , R. A., Huyghe , J. M., Bouten , C. V. C., and Baaijens , F. P. T. (August 1, 2003). "Computational Analyses of Mechanically Induced Collagen Fiber Remodeling in the Aortic Heart Valve ." ASME. J Biomech Eng. August 2003; 125(4): 549–557. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1590361
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