A finite element technique was developed to investigate the thermal behavior of bone cement in joint replacement procedures. Thermal tests were designed and performed to provide the parameters in a kinetic model of bone cement exothermic polymerization. The kinetic model was then coupled with an energy balance equation using a finite element formulation to predict the temperature history and polymerization development in the bone-cement-prosthesis system. Based on the temperature history, the possibility of the thermal bone necrosis was then evaluated. As a demonstration, the effect of cement mantle thickness on the thermal behavior of the system was investigated. The temperature profiles in the bone-cement-prosthesis system have shown that the thicker the cement, the higher the peak temperature in the bone. In the 7 mm thick cement case, a peak temperature of over 55°C was predicted. These high temperatures occurred in a small region near the bone/cement interface. No damage was predicted in the 3 mm and 5 mm cement mantle thickness cases. Although thermal damage was predicted in the bone for the 7 mm mantle thickness case, the amount of thermal necrosis predicted was minimal. If more cement is used in the surgical procedure, more heat will be generated and the potential for thermal bone damage may rise. The systems should be carefully selected to reduce thermal tissue damage when more cement is used. The methodology developed in this paper provides a numerical tool for the quantitative simulation of the thermal behavior of bone-cement-prosthesis designs.
Finite Element Thermal Analysis of Bone Cement for Joint Replacements
Contributed by the Bioengineering Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING. Manuscript received by the Bioengineering Division 2001; revised manuscript received November 16, 2002. Associate Editor: E. P. Scott.
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Li , C., Kotha , S., Huang , C., Mason, J., Yakimicki , D., and Hawkins, M. (June 10, 2003). "Finite Element Thermal Analysis of Bone Cement for Joint Replacements ." ASME. J Biomech Eng. June 2003; 125(3): 315–322. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1571853
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