Short and long duration tests were conducted on hollow femoral bone cylinders to study the circumferential (hoop) creep response of cortical bone subjected to an intramedullary radial load. It was hypothesized that there is a stress threshold above which nonlinear creep effects dominate the mechanical response and below which the response is primarily determined by linear viscoelastic material properties. The results indicate that a hoop stress threshold exists for cortical bone, where creep strain, creep strain rate and residual strain exhibited linear behavior at low hoop stress and nonlinear behavior above the hoop stress threshold. A power-law relationship was used to describe creep strain as a function of hoop stress and time and damage morphology was assessed.

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