The total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) is a palliative cardiothoracic surgical procedure used in patients with one functioning ventricle that excludes the heart from the systemic venous to pulmonary artery pathway. Blood in the superior and inferior vena cavae (SVC, IVC) is diverted directly to the pulmonary arteries. Since only one ventricle is left in the circulation, minimizing pressure drop by optimizing connection geometry becomes crucial. Although there have been numerical and in–vitro studies documenting the effect of connection geometry on overall pressure drop, there is little published data examining the effect of SVC-IVC flow rate ratio on detailed fluid mechanical structures within the various connection geometries. We present here results from a numerical study of the TCPC connection, configured with various connections and SVC:IVC flow ratios. The role of major flow parameters: shear stress, secondary flow, recirculation regions, flow stagnation regions, and flow separation, was examined. Results show a complex interplay among connection geometry, flow rate ratio and the types and effects of the various flow parameters described above. Significant changes in flow structures affected local distribution of pressure, which in turn changed overall pressure drop. Likewise, changes in local flow structure also produced changes in maximum shear stress values; this may have consequences for platelet activation and thrombus formation in the clinical situation. This study sheds light on the local flow structures created by the various connections and flow configurations and as such, provides an additional step toward understanding the detailed fluid mechanical behavior of the more complex physiological configurations seen clinically.
Influence of Connection Geometry and SVC-IVC Flow Rate Ratio on Flow Structures within the Total Cavopulmonary Connection: A Numerical Study
Contributed by the Bioengineering Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING. Manuscript received January 2001; revised manuscript received April 2002. Associate Editor: A. P. Yoganathan.
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Khunatorn, Y., Mahalingam, S., DeGroff, C. G., and Shandas, R. (July 30, 2002). "Influence of Connection Geometry and SVC-IVC Flow Rate Ratio on Flow Structures within the Total Cavopulmonary Connection: A Numerical Study ." ASME. J Biomech Eng. August 2002; 124(4): 364–377. doi: https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1487880
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