The total cavo pulmonary connection, or TCPC, is a surgical correction to congenital heart defects. The geometry of this connection has been shown to determine the fluid power loss as well as the distribution of hepatic fluid that enters through the inferior vena cava. In vitro studies were performed to measure the power loss and hepatic fluid distribution in models of the TCPC with four different geometries. It was found that a zero offset straight geometry provided good hepatic fluid distribution but large power loss. A zero offset flared geometry provided low power loss but poor hepatic fluid distribution. The optimal geometry from those tested was found to be the zero offset cowl geometry whereby an enlargement was made on one side of the inferior and superior vena cava. So long as the cowl was directed toward the pulmonary artery of lowest flow rate, low power loss and relatively good distribution of hepatic flow could be obtained.
Distribution of Hepatic Venous Blood in the Total Cavo Pulmonary Connection: An In Vitro Study Into the Effects of Connection Geometry
Contributed by the Bioengineering Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING. Manuscript received by the Bioengineering Division April 27, 2000; revised manuscript received July 25, 2001. Associate Editor: A. P. Yoganathan.
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Walker, P. G., Oweis, G. F., and Watterson, K. G. (July 25, 2001). "Distribution of Hepatic Venous Blood in the Total Cavo Pulmonary Connection: An In Vitro Study Into the Effects of Connection Geometry ." ASME. J Biomech Eng. December 2001; 123(6): 558–564. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1407827
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