The flow field less than one diameter downstream of the end of a collapsible tube executing self-excited oscillations was examined using a two-component fiber-optic laser-Doppler anemometer. The time-averaged Reynolds number of the flow was 11,000. With the tube oscillating periodically, results obtained during many cycles of oscillation were combined to yield surface plots of the axial component over the cross section at 16 phases of the cycle. By combining measurements obtained with the laser probe in two different orientations, secondary flow vectors over the cross section were likewise constructed for 16 phases. The measurements showed strongly phasic turbulence intensity, with the phase of high intensity coinciding with the time of maximal tube collapse. Reverse flow occurred during much of the cycle, at places in the cross section that agree with our previous observations of laminar and turbulent steady flow through a rigid simulated collapsed tube.
Laser-Doppler Measurements of Velocities Just Downstream of a Collapsible Tube During Flow-Induced Oscillations
Contributed by the Bioengineering Division and presented in part at the Third World Congress of Biomechanics, Sapporo, Japan, August 2–8, 1998. Manuscript received by the Bioengineering Division March 7, 2000; revised manuscript received May 16, 2001. Associate Editor: J. E. Moore, Jr.
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Bertram , C. D., Diaz de Tuesta , G., and Nugent, A. H. (May 16, 2001). "Laser-Doppler Measurements of Velocities Just Downstream of a Collapsible Tube During Flow-Induced Oscillations ." ASME. J Biomech Eng. October 2001; 123(5): 493–499. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1388294
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