Bone is a very dynamic tissue capable of modifying its composition, microstructure, and overall geometry in response to the changing biomechanical needs. Streaming potential has been hypothesized as a mechanotransduction mechanism that may allow osteocytes to sense their biomechanical environment. A correct understanding of the mechanism for streaming potential will illuminate our understanding of bone remodeling, such as the remodeling associated with exercise hypertrophy, disuse atrophy, and the bone remodeling around implants. In the current research, a numerical model based on the finite element discretization is proposed to simulate the fluid flows through the complicated hierarchical flow system and to calculate the concomitant stress generated potential (SGP) as a result of applied mechanical loading. The lacunae–canaliculi and the matrix microporosity are modeled together as discrete one-dimensional flow channels superposed in a biphasic poroelastic matrix. The cusplike electric potential distribution surrounding the Haversian canal that was experimentally observed and reported in the literature earlier was successfully reproduced by the current numerical calculation.
Numerical Simulation of Streaming Potentials Due to Deformation-Induced Hierarchical Flows in Cortical Bone
Contributed by the Bioengineering Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING. Manuscript received by the Bioengineering Division May 19, 1998; revised manuscript received August 29, 2000. Associate Editor: V. K. Goel.
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Mak, A. F. T., and Zhang, J. D. (August 29, 2000). "Numerical Simulation of Streaming Potentials Due to Deformation-Induced Hierarchical Flows in Cortical Bone ." ASME. J Biomech Eng. February 2001; 123(1): 66–70. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1336796
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