A system is described that allows axial, torsional, and bending testing of biomechanical specimens. The system uses electric motors under closed loop control in its grips allowing application of pure bending moments. These grips attach to an axial/torsional testing system. Thus, it provides simultaneous closed loop control of all three degrees of freedom (D.O.F), so that under any given test condition either the loads or the displacements for each D.O.F. can be maintained at zero, selected constant values, or simultaneously controlled. This enables the expedient evaluation of the mechanical behavior of biological structures under complex loadings or simple loadings (one D.O.F.) with no artificially induced constraints in the other two D.O.F.’s due to specimen mounting.

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