Small interalveolar holes within the lung are called pores of Kohn. Some researchers have correlated enlarged pore size with diseases, e.g. emphysema, that are characterized by tissue destruction. Mathematical models of the pressures generated in closed, fluid-filled and open, fluid-lined pores demonstrate that pressures capable of rupturing lung tissue can be developed in a pore due to the surface tension and shape of the air-liquid interface. Pore enlargement accompanied by tissue destruction is presented as a possible mechanism for the disease process observed during aging and the development of emphysema in the lung.

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