The human subtalar joint was modelled as a quasi-linear second-order underdamped system to simulate sudden inversion motion of the foot relative to the shank. The model was fed with experimental data obtained from six subjects on a specially constructed apparatus. A total of 35 deg inversion was produced on the tested leg rapidly enough (lasting less than 40 ms) in order to ensure that the protective muscles are not activated. The parameters of the joint were evaluated and the following ranges were obtained at 35 deg inversion: elastic stiffness 14–52 Nm rad-1, damping coefficient 1.4–2.9 Nms rad-1, and natural frequency 78–125 Hz. The effects on the test parameters of weight bearing amount, foot dominance, and protective footwear were studied on one subject.

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