A second order, linear oscillator transfer function model is fit to the measured transfer function relating the abduction-adduction rotation of the first finger to the applied moment. Nearly constant isometric contractions of the first palmar and dorsal interossei are maintained by the subjects during the measurements. The stiffness and damping components of the identified models increase significantly with increasing isometric contraction when compared to those recorded under relaxed contraction. Muscle fatigue causes the natural frequency, damping ratio and stiffness of the joint rotation to decrease under full isometric contraction, and it causes the natural frequency and stiffness to increase when the muscles are relaxed.

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