Articular cartilage was modeled rheologically as a biphasic poroviscoelastic material. A specific integral-type linear viscoelastic model was used to describe the constitutive relation of the collagen-proteoglycan matrix in shear. For bulk deformation, the matrix was assumed either to be linearly elastic, or viscoelastic with an identical reduced relaxation spectrum as in shear. The interstitial fluid was considered to be incompressible and inviscid. The creep and the rate-controlled stressrelaxation experiments on articular cartilage under confined compression were analyzed using this model. Using the material data available in the literature, it was concluded that both the interstitial fluid flow and the intrinsic matrix viscoelasticity contribute significantly to the apparent viscoelastic behavior of this tissue under confined compression.

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