Large deformation of enucleated pig eyeballs under rigid cylindrical indenters was studied analytically and experimentally. The analytic model for the eyeball consists of a fluid-filled spherical membrane composed of an incompressible, elastic material with an exponential strain energy function. The Rayleigh-Ritz technique provided an approximate solution via a potential energy formulation. Comparison with results from tests on eyeballs and a water-filled rubber (Mooney-Rivlin) shell shows good agreement at large deflection, where membrane action dominates. Due to the highly nonlinear stress-strain relations for the sclera, the load remains relatively small until the indenter displacement approaches 40–60 percent of the eyeball radius, and then the load increases rapidly. Depending on the indenter size, either a perforation or a rupture type of failure occurs.

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