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Keywords: x-ray diffraction
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eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2020
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7692-8
... examined. Different experimental techniques were used to precisely qualify and quantify microstructural evolutions: thermoelectric power measurements, synchrotron X-ray diffraction, and quench dilatometry. Through this study, it was concluded that the widely held belief that the amount of retained...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2019
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7671-3
... of implementing X-ray fluorescence, X-ray diffraction, and neutron activation in quality assurance and quality control workflows. Aspects that are addressed include sampling and sample preparation, calibration, allowing for flexibility to handle a variety of material streams, and ensuring norm compliance...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2019
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7671-3
... and practical examples of how accurate phase analysis using X-ray diffraction at the various stages in the process helps to produce cement more efficiently and in a more environmentally friendly manner. Furthermore, we discuss the latest X-ray techniques for accurate and rapid mineralogical phase quantification...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2018
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7641-6
... irradiation defects X-ray diffraction TEM ZIRCONIUM IN THE NUCLEAR INDUSTRY: 18TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM 691 STP 1597, 2018 / available online at www.astm.org / doi: 10.1520/STP159720160089 Levente Balogh,1 Fei Long,1 Zhongwen Yao,1 Michael Preuss,2 and Mark R. Daymond1 Quantifying Irradiation Defects...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2015
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7529-7
... as a result of the effects of irradiation and operating temperature: dislocation loop formation in the α phase and decomposition or reconstitution of the β phase. X-ray diffraction data are used to study the irradiation damage (represented by the integral breadth of hcp diffraction peaks and the lattice...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2012
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7515-0
... In situ phase transformation experiments have been carried out using neutron and synchrotron X-ray diffraction to monitor the texture evolution and establish the criteria for variant selection during the α → β → α phase transformation in Zr-2.5Nb. There is clear evidence of a strong variant...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2010
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7510-5
... The governing mechanisms of fatigue spall propagation in ball bearing inner raceways are investigated through the use of elastic-plastic finite element modeling, X-ray diffraction, and the visual inspection of fatigue spall cracks. The model simulates multiple ball impacts with a fatigue spall's...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2009
ISBN-10: 0-8031-4514-4
ISBN: 978-0-8031-4514-6
... testing. The Zr-0.4Fe-0.2Cr model ternary alloy showed protective behavior and stable oxide growth throughout the test. The results of the examination of the oxide layers with microbeam X-ray diffraction show clear differences in the structure of protective and nonprotective oxides both at the oxide-metal...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2007
ISBN-10: 0-8031-3491-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-3491-1
.... In this paper, the developments of the use of X-ray microdiffraction for residual stress measurements in bearings will be described. In microdiffraction, measurements are performed with very small irradiated spots. Advances in X-ray diffraction technology have made it possible to determine the residual stresses...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2005
ISBN-10: 0-8031-3493-2
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0756-4
... in lithiated water. These results are discussed in terms of models of oxide growth and of the differences between alloys. zirconium alloys corrosion synchrotron radiation X-ray diffraction oxide microstructure Journal of ASTM International, May 2005, Vol. 2, No. 5 Paper ID JAI12375 Available...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2005
ISBN-10: 0-8031-3493-2
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0756-4
... x-ray diffraction dislocation density Journal of ASTM International, October 2005, Vol. 2, No. 9 Paper ID JAI12436 Available online at www.astm.org Z. L. Pan,1 S. St Lawrence,1 P. H. Davies,2 M. Griffiths,2 and S. Sagat2 Effect of Irradiation on the Fracture Properties of Zr-2.5Nb Pressure Tubes...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2002
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2895-9
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2895-8
..., and in-reactor deformation. Zr-2.5Nb pressure tubes zirconium alloys nuclear reactor materials mechanical properties yield stress ultimate tensile strength total elongation delayed-hydride-cracking neutron irradiation radiation damage microstructure correlation X-ray diffraction line...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2002
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2895-9
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2895-8
... diagram). Zr-2.5Nb pressure tubes zirconium alloys nuclear reactor materials neutron irradiation deformation creep growth flux temperature X-ray diffraction microstructure texture grain size oxygen chemical analysis statistical analysis predictive models rate theory M. Griffiths...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2001
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2892-4
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2892-7
... aggregates, sampled at the cold feed stockpile, are subjected to T 3 CM, T 3 CM with sand aging, X-ray diffraction, British Pendulum, Loss-on-Ignition, and chemical percent silica techniques. By comparing skid performance versus traffic (ADT, passes, and ESALs) with laboratory test results, aggregate...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2000
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2852-5
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2852-1
... The structure of pyrolitic boron nitride (BN) samples assembled to a package and irradiated with protons has been studied with Raman spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction. Shift and change of shape of X-ray bands and change of Raman band shape have been found to correlate with the calculated values...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2000
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2852-5
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2852-1
... treatment (FHF) consisting in quenching from beta-phase following quick heating with exposure. Zirconium alloy irradiation fuel cladding texture X-ray diffraction irradiation growth Valentin K. Shamardin, 1 Gennady R Kobylyansky,z and Vladimir M. Kosenkov3 Irradiation Growth of Zirconium...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1999
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2616-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2616-9
... on the same PTMs are compared with results from NIST. bulk asbestos x-ray diffraction gravimetry point count NVLAP standard additions Jennifer R. Verkouteren1, Eric B. Steel2, Eric S. Windsor1, Robert L. Perkins3 COMPARISON OF QUANTITATIVE TECHNIQUES FOR ANALYSIS OF BULK ASBESTOS PROFICIENCY...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2406-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2406-6
... microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and electrochemical impedance (EIS). The SEM and some of the XRD investigations of the oxide were performed on the metal-oxide interface after dissolution of the metal. The oxide growth developed through three different stages with an altered oxide morphology...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2006-0
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2006-8
... scheme and recommend some standardization of sampling and analysis procedures. The scheme includes thermal analysis and X-ray diffraction supported by the petrographic study of mortar in thin sections and the measurement of pore size distribution. It is further proposed that the results be collected...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2020-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2020-4
... to the low adsorption and high solubility of chromate at high pHs. The results obtained from pH-controlled extraction, x-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy suggested that a significant portion of the immobilized heavy metals are strongly associated with pozzolanic reaction products...