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Keywords: water leakage
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eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2015
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7621-8
... wall cladding systems have been implemented successfully. However, improper use or lack of a proper water-resistant barrier can lead to deterioration or corrosion of exterior wall components, including sheathing, framing, and insulation, and can eventually result in water leakage into interior spaces...
eBook Chapter
Book: Masonry
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2010
ISBN: 978-0-8031-3424-9
... Through more than 20 years of investigating water leakage and condensation problems, the authors have observed that a high percentage of moisture problems related to masonry walls are associated with the interface between masonry veneer and fenestration systems. These problems are often...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1999
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2607-7
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2607-7
... a 15-year-old building that does not have any windows and buildings that are about five to ten years old that have windows, have revealed that failure of the joints between the EIFS and the windows and other openings in the EIFS, and at terminations in the EIFS, is the primary cause of water leakage...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1999
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2607-7
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2607-7
... A mid-rise hotel building was five years old when widespread water leakage was discovered through its exterior insulation finish system (EIFS) façade. During the assessment it was discovered that the EIFS attachment to the exterior gypsum wallboard substrate had been compromised by the water...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1999
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2607-7
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2607-7
... Many buildings, especially those in hot and humid climates, have problems with moisture infiltration into the exterior wall assembly. This can lead to premature deterioration of the finish materials and/or lead to poor interior air quality. In addition to water leakage, these moisture problems...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1999
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2607-7
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2607-7
... In this paper, the details of a unique patented, water-repellent concrete block design that prevents moisture that enters the core area from reaching interior surfaces are presented. The subject water leakage-controlling concrete masonry unit (WLC CMU) employs a three stage water leakage...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1999
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2607-7
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2607-7
... to the performance of prefabricated brick wall panels. prefabricated panel barrier wall cavity drainage wall pressure equalization rain-screen principle water leakage Michael J. Louis1 PREFABRICATED BRICKWALL PANELS: ECONOMY OR NIGHTMARE? REFERENCE: Louis, M. J., "Prefabricated Brick Wall Panels...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1999
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2607-7
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2607-7
... is compelling evidence that these tests are prudent as part of a new construction process. water infiltration water testing field water testing field testing windows sliding glass doors water leakage window leaks test results Paul E. Beers t and William D. Smith t EVALUATION OF FIELD WATER...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1999
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2607-7
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2607-7
... Two case studies are examined where water leakage problems are corrected by overcladding the exterior building walls with new wall panels. As compared to removal and replacement of deficient portions of the exterior wall system, overcladding can be less disruptive, more economical and result...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1998
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2480-5
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2480-6
... Sealant in joints in the exterior envelope on a building is intended to reduce water entry and air infiltration through the joints and to accommodate movements. Openings in sealant joints can result in water leakage and air infiltration through the joints into the interior of the building...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1998
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2042-7
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2042-6
...-86. Wind-driven rain Weathertightness water leakage water penetration testing criteria Edmund C. C. Choi ~ CRITERIA FOR WATER PENETRATION TESTING REFERENCE: Choi, E. C. C., "Criteria for Water Penetration Testing," Water Leakage Through Building Facades, ASTM STP 1314, R. J. Kudder and J...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1998
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2042-7
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2042-6
... The focus of this paper is on the design development considerations for window detailing to prevent water leakage. Architectural design and detailing considerations discussed include: performance criteria; secondary flashing systems; integration with facade waterproofing; air seals; sealant...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1998
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2042-7
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2042-6
... In areas with high annual rainfall amounts, such as Florida, water leakage through operable windows and sliding glass doors is common, particularly at multistory applications. Although each leak is unique to the product and project, certain trends have developed. Investigations of water leakage...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1998
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2042-7
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2042-6
... this secondary line of defense because concrete walls have very few joints and it was believed that water would not penetrate concrete. However, due to shrinkage cracks in concrete, improper design, sealant joint failure, wall profile, and condensation water leakage has occurred through concrete facades...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1998
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2042-7
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2042-6
... This paper will describe two case studies of water leakage through sloped glazing and skylights. The authors have investigated and developed construction documents for the repair of numerous buildings with sloped glazing and skylights. Construction types examined include metal and glass systems...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1998
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2042-7
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2042-6
... components. curtain wall window testing water leakage water testing Kurt R. Hoigard1and Robert J. Kudder, ~ THE FACTS ABOUT HOSE TESTING REFERENCE: Hoigard, K. R. and Kudder, R. J., " T h e Facts About Hose Testing," Water Leakage Through Building Facades, ASTM STP 1314, R. J. Kudder and J. L...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1998
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2042-7
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2042-6
... on numerous mockup tests that the authors have prescribed and have reviewed during the course of their investigations of water leakage in many types of curtain walls, and during their peer review of the design of the curtain wall on new buildings. This review has revealed that additional test procedures...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1998
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2042-7
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2042-6
... Most water leakage problems through windows and doors are the result of installation errors. Even the best system designs cannot overcome poor installation techniques. Simple mistakes such as the omission of an internal seal can result in major water leakage that damages building interiors...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1998
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2042-7
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2042-6
... The paper reviews an evaluation procedure for addressing ater leakage problems. The procedure includes water leakage testing along with interviewing the building occupants, reviewing drawings and specifications, surveying the building components, and performing exploratory openings. The water...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1998
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2042-7
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2042-6
... Water leakage has occurred in numerous EIFS-clad residences in the U.S. Field investigations of North Carolina homes indicate that deficiencies within and between various building components are allowing water leakage. Moisture behind EIFS claddings has jeopardized the in-service durability...