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eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2024
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7745-1
... The state-of-the-art case-hardening steels for bearings with intermediate wall thickness up to approximately 100 mm are SAE 3311 (≈ 12NiCr14-6) and 18NiCrMo14-6. However, they have several detrimental features. The financial and environmental costs of the raw material (mainly attributed...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2024
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7745-1
... Bainitic bearings, produced through an austempering process, have shown great potential as an alternative to traditional, martensitic bearings. Bainite, specifically lower bainite, which is developed through low-temperature isothermal heat treatment, is a steel microconstituent consisting...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Manuals
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2022
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7134-3
..., including highways, tunnels, and bridges, have long service lives. corrosion steel bridge culvert reinforcement concrete coatings chloride tunnel 345 Chapter 22 | Highways, Tunnels, and Bridges Stephen R. Sharp1 and Jason T. Provines1 Introduction To counter the effects and high maintenance...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2020
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7692-8
... High-hardness, high-carbide powder metallurgy tool steels such as M62 enable the use of ball bearings at extremely high load and stress levels increasing the potential for rolling contact fatigue failure attributed to nonmetallic inclusions. Ever-cleaner steels are sought, but the results have...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Manuals
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2019
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7089-6
... This chapter discusses the corrosion in oil pipelines, which carry a mixture of fluids such as hydrocarbons, water, gases, and other miscellaneous substances that drive the internal deterioration of steel surfaces. The chapter explains in detail the corrosive nature of multiphase flows...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2019
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7663-8
... in the present research. corrosion rate harmonic analysis total harmonic distortion steel electrochemical impedance spectroscopy diffusion 160 ADVANCES IN ELECTROCHEMICAL TECHNIQUES FOR CORROSION MONITORING STP 1609, 2019 / available online at www.astm.org / doi: 10.1520/STP160920170220 Xueyuan...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2019
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7663-8
... Understanding the fatigue crack growth behavior of marine steel at low frequencies in a corrosive environment under cathodic protection is essential for the design and prognosis of offshore structures. Experimental results demonstrate that the corrosion fatigue crack growth rate increases...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2018
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7651-5
... mechanisms and methods of structural integrity assessment. The wide range of exposure conditions in these reactors led to the use of surveillance data for developing predictive models. The results of Magnox surveillance have carried through to the steel components in the UK advanced gas-cooled reactors...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2017
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7643-0
.... To effectively assess the corrosion resistance of candidate heat treatments, a rapid screening test is needed. Electrochemical corrosion testing was performed to rank the relative performance of conventional bearing steels including 440C, American Iron and Steel Institute vacuum induction melting vacuum arc...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2011
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7525-9
.... The present paper considers specific challenges associated with creep/fatigue in creep strength enhanced ferritic steels such as Grade 91 and Grade 92. creep fatigue steel damage analysis Jonathan Parker1 Reprinted from JAI, Vol. 8, No. 8 doi:10.1520/JAI103888 Available online at www.astm.org/JAI...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2007
ISBN-10: 0-8031-3491-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-3491-1
... The statistical nature of bearing failures has been studied using Weibull probability statistics for over 50 years. Historically it has been demonstrated that the origin of many bearing failures is the presence of large nondeformable nonmetallic inclusions in the bearing steel. Methods...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2007
ISBN-10: 0-8031-3413-4
ISBN: 978-0-8031-3413-3
... machined (cut) threads of high-strength steel (ASTM A193 B-7 and A354 Grade 8) were exposed to an aggressive aqueous environment containing 8 wt % boiling ammonium nitrate and stressed to about 40 % of the steel's yield strength. In similar testing conditions, bolts that were thread rolled before heat...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2004
ISBN-10: 0-8031-3475-4
ISBN: 978-0-8031-3475-1
... be a problem, and discusses techniques that can be applied to determine the source(s) and magnitude of water penetration Facade ordinance facade inspections water infiltration water testing leakage corrosion masonry steel curtain walls Douglas R. Stieve, Alicia E. Diaz de Le6n, and Michael J...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2004
ISBN-10: 0-8031-3477-0
ISBN: 978-0-8031-3477-5
... A large amount of data on irradiation creep of face centered cubic (FCC) and body centered cubic (BCC) steels have been analyzed and published by the present authors, but a recent reanalysis of these data have provided further insight into irradiation creep behavior. The present paper looks...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2003
ISBN-10: 0-8031-3459-2
ISBN: 978-0-8031-3459-1
... Experiments were performed in a wear machine especially constructed to simulate the natural in vivo process of wear in a de-bonded metal-cement interface. Four different bone cements were fretted against S-30 stainless steel with mat surface finish. The validation of the metal surfaces...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2002
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2890-8
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2890-3
... spectra with the aid of computer algorithms. Finally, a technique for editing service load histories to remove non-damaging cycles from service load spectra is described. aluminum cycle editing damage elastic modulus fatigue (materials) fatigue limit life prediction non-damaging cycles steel...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2002
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2897-5
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2897-2
... This paper provides comparison of initiation toughness values and J R curve data for a series of geometrically scaled compact (CT) and single edge notched bend (SENB) geometry specimens taken from a well characterized A533B-1 pressure vessel steel. The CT specimens (W = 2B) were of thickness B...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2002
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2896-7
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2896-5
... Atmospheric corrosion resistance of 1.0Ni-0.4Cu-Ca-S steels was investigated. The effects of Ca and S on the simulated seaside corrosion resistance of 0.1%C-1.0%Mn-0.4%Cu-1.0%Ni-0.01P-Ca-S steels were examined by CCT (cyclic corrosion test), SVET (scanning vibrating electrode technique...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2002
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2896-7
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2896-5
... Performance testing of coil coated steel sheet products usually involves the measurement of paint creep back from a sheared edge or scribe (ASTM D 1654-92) on samples subjected to accelerated and atmospheric exposure tests. Measurements of paint creep are used for screening paints, pretreatments...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2002
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2896-7
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2896-5
... An alternating current (AC) impedance technique has been applied to the monitoring of corrosion rate in outdoor environments and humidity chambers. A corrosion sensor used for corrosion rate monitoring consisted of a pair of ring and rod of steel electrodes embedded co-axially in epoxy resin...