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Keywords: stainless steels
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eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Manuals
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2022
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7134-3
... and alloys that develop a passive film are prone to crevice corrosion in specific environments. Stainless steels, especially those with little to no molybdenum, some nickel-based alloys, and aluminum alloys, are particularly susceptible to crevice corrosion. Moreover, materials that are highly resistant...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2004
ISBN-10: 0-8031-3477-0
ISBN: 978-0-8031-3477-5
... strongly suppressed swelling in the low temperature regime as cavity formation started only after phosphide dissolved during neutron irradiation. stainless steels neutron irradiation swelling radiation-induced precipitate Ken-ichi Fukumoto,l Hideki Matsui,1 Takako Donomae, 2 Ichiro Yamagata,2...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2004
ISBN-10: 0-8031-3477-0
ISBN: 978-0-8031-3477-5
... absorption. Irradiation dose rate and temperature also affect the duration of incubation. These features are in general agreement with experiments for high purity metals. voids swelling stainless steels dislocations radiation damage Michael P. Surh, ~J. B. Sturgeon,1and W. G. Wolfer1 Incubation...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2002
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2896-7
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2896-5
... The history and corrosivity of the LaQue Center for Corrosion Technology, Inc.'s “Kure Beach” atmospheric test site has been reviewed in brief. Stainless steel and other Ni-containing alloy test specimens from a number of earlier investigations remain exposed in the site's “museum area...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2001
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2878-9
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2878-1
... Several candidate alloys (nickel-based Alloy 718, iron-based 316 L and 304 L stainless steels) have been exposed to mixed proton-neutron particle fluxes and spectra at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE), with the radiation conditions similar to those expected in the proposed...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2000
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2871-1
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2871-2
... metallic systems; Aluminum-Silicon Binary Alloys (10, 20, 30, and 50 wt% Si), A luminum-Silicon Carbide Metal Matrix Composites (MMCs) (10, 20, 30, and 55 volume% SiC) and other related materials, Binary Alloy Combinations of Al, Co, Cu, Fe, Ni, and Si, and Stainless Steels 304, 316, 347, CF8M, and 15-5 PH...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2000
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2852-5
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2852-1
... The relationship between swelling and irradiation creep was investigated using eight sets of pressurized tubes, representing two heats of 20% cold-worked 316 stainless steel irradiated at either 550°C, 575°C, 600°C, and 670°C in the FFTF-MOTA to doses of 79–84 dpa. After reaching these exposures...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2000
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2852-5
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2852-1
... Evidence has been provided to support the “temperature-shift” concept of swelling. The swelling of annealed X18H10T stainless steel in the BOR-60 fast reactor at PWR-relevant dpa rates was found to be higher than predicted by a swelling equation developed from data obtained at dpa rates almost...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2000
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2852-5
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2852-1
... would be used in Western reactors. As a result of the large swelling levels reached in some cases, the steel becomes very brittle, as expected from fast reactor experience. stainless steels void swelling embrittlement PWRs neutron irradiation F. A. Garner, 1S. I. Porollo,2 A. N. Vorobjev,2...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1999
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2614-X
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2614-5
... The last segment of a four-part investigation on the influence of phosphorus and silicon on neutron-induced void swelling of austenitic stainless steels has been completed. This final segment explored the influence of these elements on the macroscopic swelling of developmental alloys irradiated...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2032-X
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2032-7
... Potentiostatic noise measurements are performed on a series of AISI 430 type ferritic stainless steels containing controlled amounts of sulfur (from 8 up to 47 ppm) and titanium (up to 0.37 wt%), in 0.02 M sodium chloride (NaCl) aqueous solution (pH 6.6), in a range of potentials below...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2032-X
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2032-7
... ), and also the PSD of A ( t ), are related to the mechanical wear of the target and allow real-time measurement of the actual mechanical perturbation in terms of the mass of the ablated material. slurry erosion-corrosion stainless steels acoustic emission sulfuric acid power spectral density data...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1994
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1488-5
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1488-3
... A titanium-modified austenitic type stainless steel was tested at three cold work levels to determine its creep and creep rupture properties under both thermal aging and neutron irradiation conditions. Both the thermal and irradiation creep behavior exhibit a complex non-monotonic relationship...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1994
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1488-5
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1488-3
... Radiation induced solute segregation (RIS) of chromium, nickel, and minor elements (e.g., Si, P, S, etc.) in the vicinity of grain boundaries and its influences on intergranular stress corrosion cracking (IGSCC) of commercial purity AISI 304 and AISI 304L austenitic stainless steels were...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1994
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1985-2
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1985-7
... loads, including an equivalent major earthquake (called the SSE earthquake). The facility was designed and built at ORNL in six months. The test article, a 6.1-m (20-ft) long, 406-mm (16-in.) diameter, Schedule 40, 316 L Type stainless steel pipe was fabricated to exacting standards and inspections...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1994
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1985-2
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1985-7
... for two kinds of materials: AISI 316L-316LN austenitic stainless steels (energy approach) and a duplex stainless steel (continuous damage mechanics approach). The AICYFAP software package appears to be a complementary tool for a better understanding of low-cycle fatigue behaviors. low-cycle fatigue...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1994
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1853-8
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1853-9
... and in real process conditions. The measurement of threshold potential for stress-corrosion cracking of cold deformed and sensitized stainless steels in simulated boiling water reactor environment (BWR) is an example of successful applications of the MPT method. The MPT method applies a current source...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1994
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1853-8
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1853-9
... The aim of the paper is to present some applications of the Electrochemical Potentiokinetic Reactivation (EPR) technique to the characterization of the corrosion resistance of stainless steels apparatus. In particular, the use of the technique to the detection of chromium depletions...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1994
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1853-8
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1853-9
... The quantitative evaluation of atmospheric corrosion resistance of stainless steels exposed to a marine environment was carried out by using a newly developed electrochemical method. This new method simulates field atmospheric conditions where most of stainless steels experience rust staining...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1993
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1870-8
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1870-6
... or measurement of strain rate or potential, which are the major controlling parameters for a specific material-environment combination. stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) slow strain rate (SSR) chemical process industry (CPI) strain rate potential stainless steels nickel-base alloys copper alloys...