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Keywords: stabilization
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eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2009
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7506-8
..., with the final selection being driven by the active ingredient and the desired performance characteristics of the final formulation. Until now, little attention has been focused to the use of stabilizing polymers to improve the quality and shelf life of these formulations. Comparative data were generated...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2008
ISBN: 978-0-8031-3493-5
... tests to adequately mimic oxidation processes in modern turbine lubricants?” In order to adequately address this critical question, the fundamentals of lubricant oxidation and stabilization will be discussed. Data will be presented on the oxidation of different basestocks under varying conditions...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2004
ISBN-10: 0-8031-3481-9
ISBN: 978-0-8031-3481-2
... Mine stabilization with coal combustion by-products such as fly ash is common throughout the United States. However, the use of the dry scrubber ash as opposed to fly ash has created some unique challenges in permitting and monitoring. The dry scrubber ash is a mixture of fly ash and residue...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2004
ISBN-10: 0-8031-3471-1
ISBN: 978-0-8031-3471-3
..., as the final form of these products are determined. However, development of preservation methods is complex and requires optimization of several chemical and biophysical processes to achieve maximal viability and stability. The development of standards for materials and processes used in preserving TEMPs...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1997
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2470-8
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2470-7
... An investigation was made to study the suitability of using coal fly ash-stabilized sand mixtures as capping materials for sanitary landfills. Sand mixtures stabilized with 15 and 20 percent Class C fly ash were investigated. Compaction, permeability, unconfined compressive strength, freeze-thaw...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1997
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2470-8
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2470-7
... conservation while generating electricity to supplement the islands energy needs. Productive use of these wastes, together with locally available lime and/or cement, are being considered as possible admixtures to stabilize those undesirable soils. Utilization of this waste ash could have significant...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2020-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2020-4
.... stabilization solidification immobilization remediation reduction lime quicklime heavy metals arsenic chromium lead mercury leachability Toxicity Characteristics Leaching Procedure TCLP soil sludge ettringite energy dispersive x-ray x-ray diffraction scanning electron microscope batch...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2020-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2020-4
... Based on physical evidence and observation of the acid dependency of the leaching process, a shrinking core model seems to be an appropriate model for cement stabilized waste. It is argued that for cement stabilized wastes, the bulk diffusion model is likely to be in error. Recent findings...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2020-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2020-4
... The objectives of this study were to assess the level of lead contamination at the U.S. Navy's small arms ranges, to determine the potential for non-point source pollution, and to select and apply a remediation technology suitable to such sites. A combination of screening and stabilization were...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2020-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2020-4
... Because of its unusual properties, sulfur polymer cement (SPC) is a promising solidification and stabilization agent for radioactive and hazardous wastes. SPC accepts no water and requires no activation agents. It always melts at 115°C and pours at 135°C; therefore, economical remediation...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2020-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2020-4
... waste at the U.S. Department of Energy Hanford Site in south-central Washington State. Solidification/stabilization has been chosen as the appropriate treatment for this waste. This work will test cement-based, thermosetting polymer, and thermoplastic polymer solidification media to substantiate...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2020-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2020-4
... One of the fundamental requirements for assessing the suitability of cement-based Stabilization/Solidification as a method for the safe disposal of hazardous materials is the manner in which they will release contaminants over an extended period of time. In this paper the leaching of a synthetic...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2020-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2020-4
... of the original material. solidification stabilization hazardous wastes pH morphology metals leaching porosity cement Kuang Ye Cheng I and Paul L. Bishop 2 PROPERTY CHANGES OF CEMENT-BASED WASTE FORMS DURING LEACHING REFERENCE: Chcng, K. Y. and Bishop, P. L., "Property Changes of Cement-Based...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2020-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2020-4
... The Technical Resource Document on Solidification/Stabilization and Its Application to Waste Materials (TRD) is a technical resource for the S/S user community and a guide to promote the best future applications of S/S processes. A potential hurdle for any S/S project is the fact that although...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2020-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2020-4
... be reused. Experiments were conducted on spent sandblasting grit to determine whether the grit could be incorporated into asphalt concrete for use as roadbed material, and a test roadbed was laid to evaluate the long-term stability of the metals found in the grit. Incorporation of the ABM in asphalt helps...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2020-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2020-4
... as some of the various waste pretreatment options which are available, are discussed. interaction set properties cement waste form waste pretreatment stabilization solidification Catherine H. Mattus I and A. J. Mattus I LITERATURE REVIEW OF THE INTERACTION OF SELECT INORGANIC SPECIES...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2020-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2020-4
... The method for development of technology of hazardous waste stabilization on a strong research base and for determination of parameters and conditions of appropriate processes is presented herein. It has been demonstrated on multiphase systems to find corresponding parameters and conditions...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2020-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2020-4
...) quality and equipment calibration, personnel requirements, real time testing, pilot cell demonstrations, and early failure indicators. solidification stabilization quality control real time leaching tests Steven M. Butler, l Edwin F. Barth, 2 and John J. Barich 3 Field Quality Control...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2006-0
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2006-8
... with historic structures. Engineering services come into play when specific problems arise in a structure with reference to strength, stiffness, or stability. Engineering services are required when one or more of these three issues—all fundamental to stabilization of a structure—are involved. On the other hand...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2020-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2020-4
.... The implications of the experimental results are related to practice. volatilization emissions test procedures solidification stabilization immobilization hazardous waste toxic waste waste treatment treatability studies equipment design H.J. Jennifer Su 1, Richard H. Jensen2, Merten Hinsenveld3...