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Keywords: solidification
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eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2002
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2894-0
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2894-1
... carbides are known to affect adversely the wear resistance of bearing steels. Heterogeneity originates from the solidification process of ingots and cast blooms. An attempt has been made to study the effect of various steel making and processing parameters such as teeming/casting temperature, ingot size...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2020-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2020-4
... Volatilization is a valid concern in the solidification of wastes containing organics. In the presence of strongly adsorbing substances, however, even volatile compounds may not rule out solidification. In order to distinguish between wastes having negligible emissions and those from which...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2020-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2020-4
... The success of solidification/stabilization (S/S) for treating explosives contaminated soils was evaluated using a variety of physical, chemical, and contaminant release testing methods. The analytes of concern included explosives and their degradation products (TNT, RDX, HMX, 2,4-Dinitrotoluene...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2020-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2020-4
... leaching boundary, where the pH changes from below 6 in the leached surface layers to above 12 in the unleached waste form, was observed in every leached sample. solidification stabilization hazardous wastes pH morphology metals leaching microscopy Kuang Ye Cheng I and Paul L. Bishop 2...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2020-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2020-4
... The stabilized filter cake produced at a commercial stabilization/solidification plant, which treats a wide variety of inorganic solid wastes and effluents, has been characterized, and subsequently solidified by adding increasing amounts of cement and fly ash. This stabilized waste interacts...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2020-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2020-4
... biocorrosion thiobacilli microbial degradation low-level waste solidification Robert D. Rogers, I Melinda A. Hamilton, 2 Richard H. Veeh 3, and John W. McConnell, Jr. 4 MICROBIALLY INFLUENCED DEGRADATION OF CEMENT-SOLIDIFIED LOW-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTE FORMS s REFERENCE: R o ~ , R. D., Hamil~n, M...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2020-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2020-4
... stabilized but higher lead and mercury leaching was observed. solidification stabilization cement cement waste forms hazardous waste heavy metal stabilization leaching paste flow study J a v e d I. B h a t t y and P r e s b u r y B. West 1 STABILIZATION OF HEAVY METALS EFFECTS ON PASTE...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2020-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2020-4
... selected as the best remedy following bench-scale and field-pilot testing. Binders tested at bench scale included cement, cement-silicate, and lime-fly ash. Optimum treatment was achieved with either cement or a combination of cement and silicate. stabilization solidification recycle binders...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2020-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2020-4
... Two series of experiments were conducted at Rocky Flats Plant (RFP) to identify the critical operating parameters for microwave solidification and to evaluate the performance of the product against the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) Toxicity Characteristic Leach Procedure (TCLP...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2020-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2020-4
... One of the fundamental requirements for assessing the suitability of cement-based Stabilization/Solidification as a method for the safe disposal of hazardous materials is the manner in which they will release contaminants over an extended period of time. In this paper the leaching of a synthetic...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2020-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2020-4
... of the original material. solidification stabilization hazardous wastes pH morphology metals leaching porosity cement Kuang Ye Cheng I and Paul L. Bishop 2 PROPERTY CHANGES OF CEMENT-BASED WASTE FORMS DURING LEACHING REFERENCE: Chcng, K. Y. and Bishop, P. L., "Property Changes of Cement-Based...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2020-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2020-4
... The Technical Resource Document on Solidification/Stabilization and Its Application to Waste Materials (TRD) is a technical resource for the S/S user community and a guide to promote the best future applications of S/S processes. A potential hurdle for any S/S project is the fact that although...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2020-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2020-4
.... stabilization solidification immobilization remediation reduction lime quicklime heavy metals arsenic chromium lead mercury leachability Toxicity Characteristics Leaching Procedure TCLP soil sludge ettringite energy dispersive x-ray x-ray diffraction scanning electron microscope batch...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2020-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2020-4
... that kinetic factors may play a role in the release of metals. Their relevance for the interpretation of TCLP results is indicated. leaching mechanisms shrinking core model dynamic test solidification stabilization leach test exposure integral acid leaching Merten Hinsenveld1, Paul L. Bishop2...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2020-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2020-4
... material is a viable option under the proposed California regulatory standards. stabilization solidification recycle asphalt binders Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) Jeffrey L. Means1, Karl W. Nehring~, and Jeffery C. Heath2 ABRASIVE BLAST MATERIAL UTILIZATION IN ASPHALT...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2020-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2020-4
... in the strength of solidified material with the addition of relatively small amounts of bentonite in addition to other additives. Further increases in the amount of bentonite did not appear to affect the final strength. solidification oily sludges treatability testing cementitious systems David S...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2020-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2020-4
... pretreatment of the waste solution to prevent interactions during or after solidification. Various types of precipitation options are available for the removal of certain waste species, or we may simply alter them to a stable, more insoluble form. Undesirable reactions in the cementitious solid phase, as well...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2020-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2020-4
... A full-scale field demonstration was conducted to evaluate in situ solidification for stabilizing an inactive RCRA land treatment site at a DOE facility in Ohio. Subsurface silt and clay deposits were contaminated principally with up to 500 mg/kg of trichloroethylene and other halocarbons...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2020-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2020-4
...) quality and equipment calibration, personnel requirements, real time testing, pilot cell demonstrations, and early failure indicators. solidification stabilization quality control real time leaching tests Steven M. Butler, l Edwin F. Barth, 2 and John J. Barich 3 Field Quality Control...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2020-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2020-4
... the relationship between code input parameters and lysimeter data. Also, lysimeter data are applied to performance assessment source term models, and initial results from use of data in two models are presented. lysimeters solidification EPICOR-II resins liners John W. McConnell, Jr., I Robert D...