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Keywords: portland cement
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eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2003
ISBN-10: 0-8031-3457-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-3457-7
.... asphalt-saturated felt brown coat building paper cladding control joint cracking curing diamond mesh embedment expanded metal lath expansion joint finish coat flashing keying kickout kraft-paper lath metal diverter paper-backed lath peel-and-stick membrane plaster portland cement...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2002
ISBN-10: 0-8031-3450-9
ISBN: 978-0-8031-3450-8
... Despite technological advances of the 21 st century, mortars and stuccos for masonry restoration projects continue to be specified using portland cement. Without standards or codes specifically designed for historic buildings, owners and contractors often unknowingly incorporate incompatible...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2020-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2020-4
.../stabilization was tested to evaluate its effectiveness. Treatability testing was performed to evaluate a Portland cement/fly ash binder system with added stabilizing agents. Results were sufficiently promising to warrant pilot testing. Grout containing Portland cement, fly ash, organically modified clay...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2020-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2020-4
... investigates the use of portland cement to solidify/stabilize the spent abrasives and produce a usable construction material. portland cement solidification/stabilization hazardous waste spent blasting abrasives lead based paint bridge paint removal Bryan K. Salt I, Andr4 G. Garner I, David W...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1993
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1492-3
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1492-0
... ASTM Standard Specification for Mortar for Unit Masonry (ASTM C 270) requires mortar to be specified either by proportion specifications or property specifications. For portland cement-lime (PCL) mortars, it has been suggested that a significant difference exists between the properties...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1992
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1443-5
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1443-2
... mobility, but too much alkalinity can also be harmful. Examples are given of the application of GANC test results and concepts to metal-spiked samples and to lead-contaminated soils from a Superfund site. waste stabilization portland cement lime lead copper fly ash kiln dust dolomite...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1992
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1468-0
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1468-5
... studied using tests such as resilient modulus, indirect tensile strength, Hveem stability and Marshall criteria. Results of this study indicate that partial replacement of limestone dust by hydrated lime or portland cement aggravates resistance of the mixes to rutting. Furthermore, an analytical model...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1990
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1453-2
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1453-1
... Eight laboratories participated in a round robin to evaluate variations in aggregate gradation when tested using Masonry cement and Portland cement-lime masonry mortars. A control gradation was used which,was near the center of C144 gradation limits and five other gradations were used which...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1990
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1454-0
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1454-8
... A current proposal in ASTM Committee C-1 on Cement would allow up to 5% limestone to be interground with clinker into portland cement under the provisions of ASTM Specification for Portland Cement (C 150), the basic standard covering Portland cement. This important and far-reaching proposal...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1990
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1454-0
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1454-8
... The formation of carboaluminates in hydrated cement paste is often regarded as analogous to the formation of ettringite. This paper presents a review of the literature and X-ray diffraction data which indicate that the reaction of calcium carbonate with Type II Portland cement and the resulting...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1989
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1261-0
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1261-2
... Analysis of the solid phase of portland cement specimens by energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometry before and after leaching provided elemental profiles within the cement. Releases of potassium were calculated from the solid-phase profiles and were compared with releases determined from leachate...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1988
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1188-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1188-2
... Laboratory vane shear strength tests were conducted in order to study the various characteristics of the initial hardening stages of treated soils, such as the influence of moderate heat portland cement (MP) and blast-furnace slag (slag) mixture ratios, regional differences in marine clays...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1987
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0961-X
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0961-2
... The development of a cement strength uniformity requirement for the Illinois Department of Transportation's portland cement acceptance program is presented. The Department's historical test data indicate that while cement manufacturers have little difficulty producing cement meeting the minimum...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1986
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0498-7
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0498-3
... in four high-alkali portland cements, and to measure expansion of mortar bars prepared using these cements and reactive aggregates. In some cases, differences were observed in both the ultimate level and the early rate of expansion for cements differing in distribution of alkalies. The differences were...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1986
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0453-7
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0453-2
... as of the glass amount of the slag. portland blast-furnace slag cement portland cement compressive strength sulfate resistance alkali-aggregate reaction heat of hydration gypsum content glass content fineness Giuseppe Frigione1 Manufacture and Characteristics of Portland Blast-Furnace Slag...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1986
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0453-7
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0453-2
... The relationship between chemical shrinkage, expressed as volume per unit mass of anhydrous cementing material, and chemically bound water varies over a narrow range with the ratio of portland cement (PC) to blast-furnace slag (BFS). Chemical shrinkage is easily measured and affords an easily...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1986
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0453-7
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0453-2
... the amorphous phase. The influence of FA substitution on the microstructure of hydrated normal portland cement (OPC) pastes was also studied. FA act to increase the total porosity. After 4 months of hydration, the pore size distribution of systems with low FA content is rather similar to that of the pure paste...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1986
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0453-7
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0453-2
... Partial substitution of portland cement (PC) with materials such as blast-furnace slag (BFS) or fly ash (FA) affects: workability or water demand; characteristic strength at a given age; and the maturity needed to attain a given strength. Assuming constant workability, the efficiency...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1985
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0402-2
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0402-0
.... Using this same simple test apparatus, a minor change in testing procedures will also provide quantitative data on the water permeance of masonry mortars. efflorescence masonry mortar portland cement permeability Harry A. Harris^ A Method to Determine Efflorescence and Water Permeance...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1985
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0435-9
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0435-8
... the permeability of heat-affected concrete. concrete portland cement fly ash standard tests chemical analysis heat of hydration exothermic reaction temperature cycle water/cement ratio strength carbonation alkali-aggregate reaction cement technology Bogue compounds calcium hydroxide [Ca(OH) 2...